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|Eureka No. 30 Mine
(ca.1897- ? ),
Located on the South Fork Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, on both sides of PA SR 4022, west side of Paint Borough, Eureka No. 30 (No. 30), (Number 30), Paint Twp., Somerset Co., PA
[Eureka No. 30 Mine was located in Somerset Co., PA]
Owners: (ca.1897- ? ), Berwind White Company, Philadelphia, PA
(ca.1917- ? ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
A portion of the USGS 15 min. Windber, PA Quad. map showing
the location of the Eureka No. 30 Mine, on the west side of Paint Borough,
Paint Township, Somerset Co., Pennsylvania
Little remains of the original Eureka No. 30 Mine site. The boney dump at Eureka No. 30 Mine was reclaimed in 1990, and the area reclaimed. The fan house and most of the mine buildings were razed around ca.1976. Evidence of stone foundations from the tipple piers remains, and rails from the South Fork Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad to the Eureka No. 30 Mine site are visible. Portions of two rows of side-gabled barracks remain. Most have been extensively modified. Several were destroyed by fire in the late 1960's, and many others have been demolished. The original coal company store, now covered in stucco and serving as a priviate residence, is located on the north side of PA Rt. SR 4022. It is a two story, front-gabled structure that retains most of its original two-over-two-light windows.
Approximately twenty-three, two-and-a-half-story double family coal company houses remain. They copntain two-over-two-lightwindows, and full-front porches.
The houses were simple, four-bay, balloon-frame structures with stone foundations, end chimneys, and weatherboard siding. Each double-family house had six rooms per side: a parlor, dining room and kitchen downstairs, and three bedrooms above. There was also a cellar and an attic. Both units measured 32 feet x 24 feet with a 24 foot x 14 foot rear ell. Each structure cost $800. to build and rented for $9.00 a month, the maximun rent for a coal company house in ca.1911.
Eureka No. 30 Mine was built in ca.1897 under the supervision of James Stuart Cunningham, Berwind-White Company's mining engineer, Eureka No. 30 Mine was the first Berwind-White mine in the region in which Berwind-White would eventually establish a dozen mines.
In ca.1898 Berwind-White Company created the coal company town of Windber, around which its Eureka Mines were clustered. The first dwellings, which housed primarily Hungarian miners, were barrack style buildings, that were known locally as the "Red Shacks" because they were painted a coal company red.
A Chambersburg steam engine originally provided power at Eureka No. 30 Mine, with a Capell fan being used for ventilation.
In ca.1900 Erueka No. 30 Mine produced 552,000 tons of coal with 352 men and boys.
In ca.1901 Eureka No. 30 Mine employed 434 men and boys and produced 476,815 tons of coal.
About ca.1904 the company built a large power plant at Eureka No. 38 Mine that provided power for that mine as well as for the Eureka No. 30 and Eureka No. 39 Mines. A new powerhouse built at Eureka No. 40 Mine in 1906 eventually supplied power to the Eureka No. 30, No. 31, No. 32, No. 35, No. 37 and No. 40 Mines. Electric haulage was used in all the Eureka Mines.
The "Red Shacks" barracks occupied by the Hungarian Miners were later modified into multi-family housing.
In ca.1920 Eureka No. 30 Mine produced 229,000 tons of coal and employed 219 men and boys. The Eureka No. 30 Mine was closed and abandoned in ca.1930.
Berwind-White Company reached its peak of production in 1910, when it extracted over 4.3 million tons of coal from its Pennsylvania mines. A decade later production was under 3 million tons, and except for the World War II years of the 1940's, production continued to lag. By ca.1960 Berwind-White was mining fewer than one million tons of coal each year, In ca.1962 the company begun selling off its coal assets.
(History and description of Eureka No. 30 Mine and coal company patch town, adapted from "Somerset County, Pennsylvania: An Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites, 1994," America's Industrial Heritage Project, National Park Service, Historic American Buildings Survey / Historic American Engineering Record, U.S. Department of the Interior, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.)
Memorial Eureka No. 30 Mine,
Eureka 30, Paint Twp., Somerset Co., PA
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