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Virtual Museum of Coal Mining in Western Pennsylvania


Digital Coal Research Library
The 20th Century Society of Western Pennsylvania

Links to
Return to the Main County Index of Southwestern Pennsylvania Coal Mines


Reference Sources
On the Bituminous Coal Mines,
Coal Companies and
Coal Miners
of Southwestern Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

A Tribute to the Coal Miners that mined the Bituminous Coal seams of Southwestern, Pennsylvania

Compiled & Edited by
Raymond A. Washlaski

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Editor,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Editor,

Updated Sept. 1, 2010

Reference Sources:
Coal Mining in Western Pennsylvania

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
HISTORY OF COAL MINERS AND COAL MINING IN WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA
Abramowitz, Roxanne
1991 Darr Mine Tragedy Recalled. Published in "The Daily Courier," (Newspaper) December 17, 1993. Scottdale, PA: The Daily Courier.

Albert, George Dallas
1882 History of the County of Westmoreland, Pennsylvania: with Biographical Sketches of Many of the Pioneers and Prominent Men.  Philadelphia, PA: L.H.Everts & Co.

Alcamo, Frank Paul
1983 The Windber Story: A Twentieth Century Model Coal Town.  Windber, PA: Frank Paul Alcamo publisher.

Allen, Gerald Edgar
1923 The Negro Coal Miner in the Pittsburgh District.  M.A. thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 1923.

Altantic No. 40 One-Room-Schoolhouse Museum
n.d. Atlantic No. 40 One-Room-School Museum Collections.  Derry Area School District. New Derry, Derry Township, PA: Derry Area School District.

Arnold, Andrew B.
2002 Ordering Coal: Labor, Law, and Business in Central Pennsylvania, 1870-1900. Ph.D. Diss., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
2003 Between the Laws: Informal Definitions of Job and Property Rights in Central Pennsylvania, 1870-1884.   published in "Pennsylvania History" 70, no. 1 (2003): 28-54.

Arnold, Philip A.
1923 A Few Changes in Usual House Plans Afford Miner Comfort.  published in "Coal Age,"  Vol. 25, No. 12 (20 September, 1923: 427.  n.p.: Coal Age.

Aurand, Harold W.
1968  The Anthracite Strike of 1887-1888.   published in "Pennsylvania History" 35, no. 2 (1968): 169-185.

Ashley, George H.
1928 Bituminous Coal Fields of Pennsylvania: Part I, General Information on Coal.   Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Fourth Series, Bulletin M6. Topographic & Geologic Survey. Harrisburg, PA: Department of the Interior.

1938  Production and Reserves of the Pittsburg Coal Bed.  published in "Transactions," Vol. 130, 1938.  American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers

Baker, Donald J.
1919 Strong Background for Community Work is Formed by Bathhouses and Laundries.  published in "Coal Age," V.16 (October 16,1919: 634-37. n.p.: Coal Age.
1920  Transportation and Preparation System at Nanty Glo.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 17, April 22, 1920, pp.791-795. n.p.: Coal Age.
1920  Ventilating an Extensive Thin-Coal Mine.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 18, No. 9, July 15, 1920, pp.103-105. n.p.:Coal Age.

Baldwin, Leroy N.
1964 Two Hundred Years in Shade Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania, 1762-1962.  Central City, PA: Privately  printed.

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
1949 B & O Coals: 1949 Handbook and Directory Coal Mines and Coke Ovens Served by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Pittsburgh, PA: National Coal Publication

Balik, Joseph
1991 Oral History Interviews - with Joseph Balik, 1990. with Steve Benzo printed in "Patriotic - Historical New Alexandria." Published by Stephen Benzo. Alexandria, PA: Privately Printed.

Batch, Rachel Ann
2000 Finding Stability in a Company Town: A Community Study of Slickville Pennsylvania, 1916-1943.   Ph.D. diss., University of  Pennsylvania.

Baxter, Lisa
1987 The "Coal Patch;" Cold, hard , dirty.  published in "The Tribune-Review," 1987. Greensburg, PA: Tribune-Review Publishing Co.

Beasley, Jerry L.
1978  Coal and Rural America.  Waynesburg College, Waynesburg, PA

Beatty, Jim
n.d. Crabtree Treasures Memory of Days of Mines and Roses.  published in "The Tribune-Review." Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Co.

Beik, Mildred Allen
1989  The Mines of Windber: Class, Ethnicity, and the Labor Movement in a Pennsylvania Coal Town, 1890's-1930's.  PhD. dissertation, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, IL.
1996  The UMWA and New Immigrant Miners in Pennsylvania Bituminous:  The Case of Windber. published  in "The United Mine Workers of America:  A Model of Industrial Solidarity?," ed. John H.M. Laslett, 320-344. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.
1996 The Miners of Windber:  The Struggles of New Immigrants for Unionization, 1890s-1930s. University Park, PA:  Penn State University Press, 1996.

Bender, Frederick Moore
1974 Coal Age Empire: Pennsylvania Coal and Its Utilization to 1860.  Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.

Benzo, Stephen
1988 New Alexandria Pioneers.  New Alexandria: privately printed.
1991 Patriotic - Historical New Alexandria. New Alexandria: Privately Printed.

Berlin Area Historical Society
1977   The Berlin Area, 1777 - 1977.  Berlin, PA

Binder, Frederick M.
1958  Anthracite Enters the American Home.  published in "The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography," 82 (1958): 82-99.
1959 Pennsylvania Coal and the Beginning of Steam Navigation.  published in "The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography," 83 (1959): 420-445.

Black Diamond Company
1910 The Black Diamond's Year Book and Directory. New York, NY: Black Diamond Company, Publishers

Blackburn, E. Howard, and William H. Welfley
1906 History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania. 3 vols. New York, NY: Lewis Publishing Company.

Blair, Joanna
2000  Ellsworth Builds on Rock-Solid Community Ties. published in "Focus Magazine," of the "Tribune-Review," February 13, 2000. Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Co.

Blubaker Coal Company Papers
1882-1842  Papers of the Blubaker Coal Company, 1882-1942.  Manuscript Group148, Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, PA

Bortz, Harry T.
1988 Huron Coal Company.  printed in "New Alexandria Pioneers," published by Stephen Benzo. New Alexandria: Privately Printed.
1988 Salem Coal Company - Salemville.  printed in "New Alexandria Pioneers," published by Stephen Benzo. New Alexandria: Privately Printed.
1999 Personnal correspondence, on the coal mines and coal companies on the Alexandria Branch of the P.R.R. with Raymond A. Washlaski, November, 1999
1999 Harry Franklin Bortz's Application for United Mine Workers of America Pension. dated Feb. 1962.  from the collections of Harry T. Bortz

Bomberger, C.M.
1942 A Short History of Westmoreland County.  Jeannette, PA: n.p.

Boucher, John N.
1906 History of Westmoreland County.  New York, NY: Lewis Publishing Company.
1918 Old and New Westmoreland.  New York, NY:n.p.

Bovard 75th Anniversary Committee
1985 Bovard 75th Anniversary, 1910 - 1985.  Bovard, PA: published by the Bovard 75th Anniversary Committee

Brenizer Historical Society
1988 Brenizer, Then and Now 1730 - 1988. Brenizer, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County. Latrobe, PA: D. & Z. Printers.

Brestensky, Dennis F.
1982  Pastimes and Festive Customs in Early Mine Patches.  published in "Pennsylvania Heritage," Vol, VIII, No.1, Winter 1982, Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Comission, Harrisburg, PA

Brestensky, Dennis F., ed.
1991  The Early Coalminer. Connellsville, PA: Connellsville Printing Co.
1993  The Early Coke Worker.  Connellsville, PA:  Connellsville Printing Co.
1997  Mining Literature and Lore.  Connellsville, PA: Connellsville Printing Co.

Brestensky, Dennis F., Evelyn A. Hovanec & Albert N. Skomra, compilers
1978 Patch/Work Voices: The Culture and Lore of a Mining People.  (Pittsburgh, PA: University Center for International Studies.)

Brinton, C. P.
1935 Conveyor System at Barnesboro Mines.  published in "Mining Congress Journal," Vol. 21, April, 1935, pp.27-29. n.p.: n.p.

Brophy, John
1964 A Miners's Life. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

Brosky, Alphonse F.
1929 Compressed Air Stages Economic Come-back in Mechanical Mining at Ehrenfeld.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 34, No. 12, December, 1929, pp.737-740.  n.p.: Coal Age.

Bruere, Robert W.
1922  The Coming of Coal. published in "The Survey," March 25, 1922.

Buck, Mercedes
1976 Bicentennial History of Cresson (Cambria County), Pennsylvania.  n.p.: n.p.

Burgess, George & Miles Kennedy
1949 Centennial History of the Pennsylvania Railroad.  Philadelphia, PA: Pennsylvania Railroad Company.

Burket, Mildred
1954 The Story of Colver.  published in "Mountaineer Herald,": 20 August, 1954:42.

Richard A. Burkert & Eileen Mountjoy Cooper
1985  Uphill All the Way: Johnstown and Its Inclined Plane. Cambria County Tourist Council, 1985.

Burns, Laurie
1994 Community in Profile, "Herminie."   published in "Focus Magazine," of the Tribune-Review, Aug 7,1994. Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Co.

Burrows, John Shober
1904 The Barnesboro - Patton Coal Field of Central Pennsylvania.  United States Geological Survey Bulletin 225; Contributions to Economic Geology, 1904, pp.295-310.  Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

Bussel, Robert
1999 The Somerset Strike. published in Chapter Three, From Harvard to the Ranks of Labor:  Powers Hapgood and the American Working Class. University Park, Pennsylvania:  Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999, pp. 43-63.

Butts, Charles
1903 Coal Mining Along the Southeastern Margin of the Wilmore Basin, Cambria County, Pennsylvania.  United States Geological Survey Bulletin 225; Contributions to Econmic Geology, 1903. pp.325-329.  Washington, D.C.:  Government Printing Office.

Cambria County Historical Society
1954 Sesquicentennial of Cambria County: 1804 - 1954.  Johnstown, PA: Tribune Publishing.

Campagna, Emilie Francis
!972 Impact of the Depression 1930-35 on the United Mine Workers of American Local 1294 of Lilly, Pennsylvania.  Indiana, PA: Project, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections

Campbell, Marius R.
1913 Barnesboro - Patton, Pennsylvania Quadrangle.  United States Geological Survey, Geological Atlas, Folio 189. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

Carnahan, Shirley
1954  The Story of Revloc.  published in 'The Mountaineer Herald," August 20, 1954.

Cassady, John C.
1932 The Somerset County Outline.  Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Publishing House.

Cecil, Jeanne Svitesic
2001 Our Coal - Mining Community Herirage:  Harmarville, PA.  Steel Valley Printers of Historic Homestead:  Homestead, PA

Chaffee, Zechariah, Jr.
1923 Company Towns in the Soft Coalfields.  published in "The Independent,"  Vol. 111, No. 3852 (13 October, 1923)  n.p.: n.p.

Chemical and Metalurgical Engineer (Magazine)
1920 By Product Coke Passes Beehive.  published in "Chemical and Metalurgical Engineer," April 22, 1920:767.

Chervenak, Louis B., ed. and Comp.
1962 The Community Story:  Jenners-Boswell-Jennerstown.  Boswell, PA:  Jenners-Boswell-Jennerstown Joint High School Junior Historians.

Chiang, Elizabeth
2004 The Great Storm that Swept Through: The Effects of Globalization on Indiana County.  published in ">"Pennsylvania History," 71, no. 2 (2004): 165-190.

Chicago Daily Tribune (Newspaper)
1932  Two Killed, Two Others Burned in Mine Explosion.  Jerome, PA.  Published in the "Chicago Daily Tribune," Chicago, IL,  July 30, 1932, p. 8.

Chilson, Peter
1994 Coal Miner's Story.  published in  "Audobon," (March-April 1994):  51-62, 118.

Clearfield Progress (Newspaper)
          Various articles and news items.  Published in the "Clearfield Progress," Clearfield, PA

Cleaver, Wilbur F., ed.
1912 The Industrial Edition.  published in "Somerset Democrat,"  27 Nov. 1912.

Coal & Coke (Magazine)
1902 The Quemahoning Coal Plant.  published in "Coal & Coke," vol 9, no. 19, 1 Oct., 1902.
1905 Merchants Coal Company's Orenda Coal.  published in "Coal & Coke," vol. 12, no. 12, 1 Nov., 1905.

Coal & Coke Heritage Center
n.d. Collections of the Coal & Coke Heritage Center.  Uniontown, PA: Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State Fayette Campus.

Coal Age (Magazine)
1911 Various Articles on the Liquor Problem in Mining Communities.  (Highlights the Donohoe Mine, Salem Twp.) published in "Coal Age," November 25, 1911, n.p.: Coal Age
1911 Colliery Dwelling Construction.  published in "Coal Age,"  November, 1911: 211-214.  n.p.: Coal Age.
1911 Liquor Problems in Mining Communities.  (Highlights Donohoe Mine, Salem Twp.). published in "Coal Age," December 2,1911:258-259. n.p.: Coal Age.
1912 Problems in the Washing of Coal. (Highlights Huron Mine, Salem Twp.) published in "Coal Age," Vol.2, No. 17:570-572 (October 26,1912). n.p.: Coal Age.
1913 Coking the Semi-Bituminous Johnstown Coals.  published in "Coal Age," June 14, 1913, pp.906-909.  n.p.: Coal Age.
1916 Connellsville and By Product Coke Industry in 1915.  published in "Coal Age,"  January 8, 1916:83, n.p.:Coal Age.
1916 Mining Methods in the Connellsville Region,  published in "Coal Age,"  Oct. 28, 1916:700-702. n.p.:Coal Age.
1917  Connellsville Coke in 1917.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. XIII, No. 3
1918 Pittsburgh Coal Company Report for 1917,  published in "Coal Age,"  April 27, 1918:787-788.  n.p.:Coal Age.
1919 Strong Background for Community Work is Formed by Bathhouses and Laundries.  Published in "Coal Age," V.16, October 16,1919: 634-37. n.p.: Coal Age.
1920  Transportation and Preparation System at Nanty Glo.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 17, April 22, 1920, pp.791-795. n.p.: Coal Age.
1920  Ventilating an Extensive Thin-Coal Mine.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 18, No. 9, July 15, 1920, pp.103-105. n.p.:Coal Age.
1921  Logan's Ferry has Front Lawns, Street Lights, Open Fires, Lined Flues, Roomy Cellars and Other Conveniences. published in "Coal Age," Vol. 20, No. 25 (ss December, 1921:1012. n.p.: Coal Age.
1921  Steel Timbers and Grouted Lagging of Steel and Brick Make Durable and Dry Shaft Bottom at Revloc, Pennsylvania. published in "Coal Age," Vol. 20, No. 26, pp.1041-1043.  n.p.: Coal Age.
1922  Pennsylvania Bulletins Describe Coal Beds of Cambria and Greene Counties.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 21, April 13, 1922, n.p.: Coal Age.
1922 Coal and Coke Production Suffers Slight Setback in Connellsville Region.  published in "Coal Age," July 27, 1922,  n.p.: Coal Age.
1922 Independent Connellsville Operators Vote to Stick to Open Shop.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 22, No. 10, September 7, 1922,  n.p.: Coal Age.
1922  Article on Fayette County Mines. published in "Coal Age," Vol. 22, No. 11, September 14, 1922.  n.p.: Coal Age.
1922 Coal Reserve in Fayette County Contained in Seven Beds.  published in "Coal Age,"  November 2, 1922:718.  n.p.:Coal Age.
1922 Price the Connellsville coke region will have to pay for Present Strike,  published in "Coal Age,"  Nov. 9, 1922:546-8. n.p.:Coal Age.
1923 A Few Changes in Usual House Plans Afford Miner Comfort.  published in "Coal Age,"  Vol. 25, No. 12 (20 September, 1923: 427.  n.p.: Coal Age.
1923 Connellsville Beehive Coke Industry in Retrospect.  published in "Coal Age,"  V. 23,:126 (Jan. 18, 1923.)  n.p.:Coal Age.
1923 Cambria Steel Company Finds That Good Housing Increases Output.  published in "Coal Age," V.23, No. 20:812-118 (May 17,1923). n.p.: Coal Age.
1927 All but 4 of 294 Coal Miners Escape When Explosion Rocks Ehrenfeld Mine.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 31, No. 14, April 7, 1927, pp.510-511. n.p.: Coal Age.
1927  Longwall or Room - Which?.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 32, No. 2, August 1927, pp.71-75.  n.p.: Coal Age.
1929 Compressed Air Stages Economic Come-back in Mechanical Mining at Ehrenfeld.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 34, No. 12, December, 1929, pp.737-740.  n.p.: Coal Age.
1934 Pulverized - Coal Plant Installed at Nanty Glo Operation of Lincoln Coal Company.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 39, October, 1934, pp.386-387.  n.p.: Coal Age.
1943  Maryland Shaft No. 2.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 48, July, 1943, pp.124. n.p.: Coal Age.
1951 Maryland Shaft.  Shaft Safety Increased by Three Shop Made Cage Attachments.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 56, April, 1951, pp.108.  n.p.: Coal Age.
1951 Maryland Shaft. Hoist-Rope Change Time Cut by Power-Driven Reel Shaft.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 56, May, 1951, pp.116. n.p.: Coal Age.
1960 Berwind - White Gears Up, Hits Production Peaks.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 65, December, 1960, pp.80-82. n.p.: Coal Age.

Coal Fields Directory
1928 Coal Fields Directory. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Catalogue and Directory Company, Inc.

Cockley, Eber, ed.
1974 Meyersdale Centennial Souvenir Book, 1974.  Meyersdale, PA:  Meyersdale Printing and Publishing Company.

Coleman, Nancy
1984 Wehrum Still Draws "Em."  published in "Tribune - Democrat, " Johnstown, PA  August 1, 1984.

Colliery Engineer (Magazine)
1896 The Leith Mine (Connellsville);  A description of a modern mine and coke works,  published in "Colliery Engineer,"  Aug. - Sept., 1896.

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
1881 Annual Report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania - Part III: Industrial Statistics. Vol. X, 1881-82. Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Lane S. Hart, State Printer.
1887 Annual Report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania - Part II: Industrial Statistics, 1886.  Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: E.K. Meyers, State Printer.
1887  Report of the Bureau of Industrial Statistics. 1887.  Pennsylvania Bureau of Industrial Statistics. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Edwin K. Meyers, State Printer.
1890 Reports of the Inspectors of Mines of the Anthracite and Bituminous Coal Regions of Pennsylvania for the Year 1889. Pennsylvania Department of Interior Affairs. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Edwin K. Meyers, State Printer.
1891 Reports of the Inspectors of Mines of the Anthracite and Bituminous Coal Regions of Pennsylvania for the Year 1890. Pennsylvania Department of Interior Affairs. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Edwin K. Meyers, State Printer.
1892 Reports of the Inspectors of Mines of the Anthracite and Bituminous Coal Regions of Pennsylvania for the Year 1891. Pennsylvania Department of Interior Affairs. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Edwin K. Meyers, State Printer.
1893 Reports of the Inspectors of Mines of the Anthracite and Bituminous Coal Regions of Pennsylvania for the Year 1892. Pennsylvania Department of Interior Affairs. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Edwin K. Meyers, State Printer
1898 Report of the Bureau of Mines of the Department of Internal Affairs of Pennsylvania, Including Reports of Mine Inspectors, 1897.  Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, Bureau of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.

1899 Report of the Bureau of Mines of the Department of Internal Affairs of Pennsylvania, Including Reports of Mine Inspectors, 1898.  Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, Bureau of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.
1900 Report of the Bureau of Mines of the Department of Internal Affairs of Pennsylvania, Including Reports of Mine Inspectors, 1899.  Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, Bureau of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.
1901 Report of the Bureau of Mines of the Department of Internal Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1900.  Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, Bureau of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.
1902 Report of the Bureau of Mines of the Department of Internal Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1901.  Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, Bureau of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.
1903 Report of the Bureau of Mines of the Department of Internal Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1902. Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, Bureau of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.
1904 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous Region, 1903.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.
1905 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous Region, 1904.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.
1906 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1905. Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Company, State Printer.
1907 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1906. Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Company, State Printer.
1908 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1907.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Company.
1909 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1908.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Company.
1910 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1909.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Company.
1911 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1910.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.  Harrisburg, PA: C.E. Aughinbaugh, Printer.
1913 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1913.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.  Harrisburg, PA: C.E. Aughinbaugh, Printer.
1915   General Map of the Bituminous Coal Region in Western Pennsylvania Showing the Location of Mines and the Various Inspection Districts.  Harrisburg, PA:  Department of Mines of Pennsylvania.
1916 Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Index Accompanying Map of the Biruminous Coal Region 1916.  Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg,PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.
1916 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1915.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Wm. Stanley Ray, State Printer.
1920 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1918.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: J.L.L. Kuhn, Printer.
1922 Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Index Accompanying Map of the Bituminous Coal Region 1922. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: n.p.
1925 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1919-1920.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: J.L.L. Kuhn, Printer.
1925 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1921-1922.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines.  Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: J.L.L. Kuhn, Printer.
1927 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1923-1926.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: J.L.L. Kuhn, Printer.
1929 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1927-1928.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: J.L.L. Kuhn, Printer
1932 Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Part II - Bituminous, 1929-1930.  Pennsylvania Department of Mines. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: .n.p..

Como, John
1996 Digging in the Archives. published in "IUP Magazine," (XIV: 2),  Spring 1996, pp. 10-13, 22.

Connors, Patrick
1998  Pennsylvania  Historic Towns of Washington County.  published by Historic Towns Publishing, Monongahela, PA

Coode, Thomas H.
1986 Bugdust and Blackdamp. Life and Work in the Old Coal Patch.  Uniontown, PA: Comart Press.

Cook, Jill B., editor
1978 A Town That Grew at the Crossroad, Borough of Mount Pleasant, 1828-1978: Sesquicentennial.   Scottdale, PA: Laurel Group Press.

Cooper, Eileen Mountjoy
1977
A History of the Rochester and Pittsburgh Coal Company from 1881 to 1939.   Indiana, PA: M.A. thesis, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections.
1977-78  The Ernest Mine Disaster of 1916.  published in "Indiana County Heritage Magazine," vol. 5, no. 2 (Winter, 1977-78.), Historical & Genealogical Society of Indiana, Indiana, PA
1978-79  The Ernest Mining Plant. published in "Indiana County Heritage Magazine," vol. 6, no. 2 (Winter, 1978-79.), Historical & Genealogical Society of Indiana, Indiana, PA
1978  Iselin Part I:  Coal Town a Home for New Americans.  published in "Indiana Evening Gazette," 29 July, 1978, Indiana, PA.
1978  Iselin Part II: Hardship Fail to Dim Spirit of Townspeople.  published in "Indiana Evening Gazette," 12 August, 1978. Indiana, PA.
1980  Clymer Looking Back. published in "Indiana Evening Gazette," 8 July, 1980. Indiana, PA.
1982  Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal Company: The First One Hundred Years.  Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal Company, Indiana, PA
1984  Undergreound Riches:  The Story of Johnstown's Coal Industry.  published in "Johnstown: The Story of  a Unique Valley," Second Edition, Johnstown, PA, Johnstown Flood Museum. 
1989  Labor Archives in IUP’s Special Collections. published in "Indiana County Heritage Magazine," vol. 12, no. 1 (Summer-Fall, 1989.), p.19, Historical & Genealogical Society of Indiana, Indiana, PA
1990  Labor Archives at Indiana University of Pennsylvania. published in "Labor History " 31, nos. 1-2 : 77-80;
1991  That Magnificant Fight For Unionism:  The Somerset County Strike of 1922.  published in "Pennsylvania Heritage," No. 17, Fall 1991: 12-17.
2000  Iselin.  Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000  Clymer-Looking Back.... Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000  Coal Strike of 1919. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Commodore. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 The Ernest Mining Plant. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 The Ernest Mine Disaster. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Ernest: Story of Mining Town. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Fiddlin' Joe Yesolivich. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 History of Coke. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Iselin Family.  Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Judge Jonathan Langham. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Lucerne.  Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Lucius Waterman Robinson. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 That Magnificent Fight For Unionism. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Old Time Mining. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Sagamore. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Sample Run. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 To Organize the Unorganized. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 UMW Marker Honors Worker's Death. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 Whiskey Run. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA
2000 A Woman's Day: Work and Anxiety. Published in "Coal Dust: The Early Mining Industry of Indiana County." A web based publication. Special Collections & Archives Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA

Eileen Mountjoy Cooper & Richard A. Burkert 
1985  Uphill All the Way: Johnstown and Its Inclined Plane. Cambria County Tourist Council, 1985.

Cooper, Eileen M., & James P. Dougherty and Irwin M. Marcus
1992  Confrontation at Rossiter: The Coal Strike of 1927-1928 and Its Aftermath.  published in "Pennsylvania History," Volume 59 , Number 4, Oct. 1992

Cortis, S. E., T. B. Alexander & W. E. Edmunds
1975 Map - Greater Pittsburgh Region Mined Out Areas of the Pittsburgh Coal  Pennsylvania Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, PA

Daily Courier (Newspaper)
         Various articles and news items.  published in "The Daily Courier," Connellsville, PA

Daily News Standard (Newspaper)
         Various articles and news items.  published in the "Daily News Standard," Uniontown, PA

Daily Tribune (Newspaper)
1903 New Somerset County Coal Towns.  published in "Daily Tribune," Johnstown, PA, 29 May, 1903.

Dawson Souvenir Book
1972  Souvenir Book, 1872-1972, Centennial Anniversary, Borough of Dawson.  Dawson, PA: Dawson Anniversary Corporation.

Dedo, Maryann G.
1984 Loyalhanna's Back on the Map.  (Highlights Loyalhanna Mine, Derry Twp.) published in "Focus Magazine," of the "Tribune-Review," March 11,1984. Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Co.

DeMarchi, Jane
n.d. Historical Mining Disasters.  Beckley, WV: National Mine Health and Safety Academy.

Derry Area High School History Club
1952 History of Derry Township. compiled by members of the Derry Area High School History Club, Derry Township, Derry, PA

Derry Area Historical Society
n.d. Collections of the Derry Area Historical Society.  Fulton House, New Derry, PA: Derry Area Historical Society

DiCiccio, Carmen
1996 Coal and Coke in Pennsylvania.  Harisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Historical Museum Commission.

Dodrill, Gordon
1971 20,000 Coal Company Stores in the United States.  Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne Lithograhic Company.

Dorr, Rheta Childe
1911 The Westmoreland Strike. published in "Hampton's Magazine," July, 1911. n.p.: n.p.

Dowd, J.J., Tonges, A.L., Abernathy, R.F. and Reynolds, D.A.
1951  Estimate of known recoverable reserves of coking coal in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.  U.S. Bureau of Mines, Report Inv. 4803, Washington, D.C.

Doyle, Fred C., ed.
1947 Fiftieth Anniversary, Windber, Pennsylvania, 1897-1947.  Windber, PA: privately printed.

Dublin, Thomas
1999 Life After the Mines Closed. published in "Pennsylvania Heritage," Spring 1999, pp. 6-15.

Dunn, Martha S.
1969 The 1927 Bituminous Coal Strike in Indiana County. Indiana, PA: Paper, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections..

Eavenson, Howard N.
1902 The Connellsville Coke Region. published in "Mines and Minerals," August, 1902.
1938 Pittsburgh Coal Bed: Its Early History and Development.  New York, NY: n.p.
1939  The Early History of the Pittsburgh Coal Bed.  published in "Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine," Sept., 1939.  Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, PA
1942 The First Century and a Quarter of American Coal Industries.  Pittsburgh, PA: privately printed

Edkins, Donald O.
1977 Edkins' Catalog of Coal Company Scrip.  New Kensington, PA:  The National Scrip Collectors Association.

Elliott, W. G.
1922  History of Reynoldsville and Vicinity. Punxsutawney, PA: Spirit Publishing Company.

Engineering and Mining Journal (Magazine)
1900 The Development of the Connellsville Coke Region.  published in "Engineering and Mining Journal,"  24 March, 1900
1900 The Future of the Connellsville Coke Region, published in "Engineering and Mining Journal," Sept. 22, 1900.
1901 The Latrobe Coal and Coking Field in Pennsylvania,  published in "Engineering and Mining Journal,"  June 8, 1901.

Engineering Magazine (Magazine)
1900  The Method in the Connellsville Coke Region,  published in "Engineering Magazine," Oct., 1900.

Engineering Society of Western Pennsylvania
1916  Methods for mining bituminous coal as practised by the H.C. Frick Coke Company,  published by "Engineering Society of Western Pennsylvania, "  vol. 32, Nov., 1916:714-721.

Enman, John Aubrey
1962 The Relationship of Coal Mining and Coke Making to the Distribution of Population Agglomerations in the Connellsville (Pennsylvania) Beehive Coke Region.   unpublished Ph.D.Dissertation. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Library.
1968 The Shape, Structure and Form of a Pennsylvania Company Town.  published in "Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science,"  Vol. 42, 1968.  n.p.: n.p.
1974  Coal Company Store Prices Questioned : A case Study of the Union Supply Company, 1905-1906.  published in "Pennsylvania History," vol. 41:53-62.

Falbo, Theodore
1978 Baggaley's Beginnings Date Back to 1896.  published in "The Latrobe Bulletin," March 16,1978. Latrobe, PA: Latrobe Bulletin Publishing Co.
1996 Baggaley, a History.  Manuscript on the Baggaley Mine, in the Collections of the Latrobe Historical Society, Latrobe, PA

Fay, C.L.
1911 Liquor Problems in Mining Communities: The Donahoe Coke Company, Greenwald Mine.  published in "Coal Age," November 25, 1911 & December 2, 1911. np.p: Coal Age.
1907  A Brief Study of Social Conditions in the Bituminous Coal Region of Pennsylvania, published in "Engineering and Mining Journal," June 6, 1907.

Filippelli, Ronald L.
1976  Diary of a Strike: George Medrick and the Coal Strike of 1927 in Western Pennsylvania.  published in "Pennsylvania History," vol. 43:253-266, Harrisburg, PA
: n.p.

Fiske, Sally
1984 Coke Ovens Elimenated at Shaw Mines.  published in "Somerset Daily American," 25 July, 1984.

Fleming, R. M.
1928 Underground Transportation at Ebensburg Coal Company.  published in "Mining Congress Journal," Vol.14, July, 1928, pp.526-527.  n.p.: n.p.

Foley, Helene M.
1933  This is Murrysville.  Murrysville, PA

Fratrick, William
1960 Forgotten Towns in Indiana County.  published in "Pennsylvania History," January, 1960. n.p.:n.p.

Frisch, David Craig
1971 A History of the United Mine Workers of America in Indiana County, Pennsylvania from 1915 to 1925.   Indiana, PA: Paper, Indiana University of Pennsylvania,  IUP Library Collections.

Fritz, W. G.
1935 Regional Shifts in the Bituminous Coal Industry.  Pittsburgh, PA: n.p.

Gable, John E.
1926 History of Cambria County.  Two Volumes. Topeka, KS: Historical Publications.

Gans, John L.
1923 Connellsville Beehive Coke Industry in Retrospect.  published in "Coal Age", (18 January, 1923). n.p.: Coal Age

Garman, James
1999 ca.1917 Program from - The Toy Shop [A Play]  Benefit New Alexandria Branch American Red Cross. From the collections of James Garman.

Gaspar, Donald
1951  A Geographic Analysis of Bituminous Coal Mining in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania.  State College, PA: M.A. thesis, Pennsylvania State University Library.

Gates, John K.
1990 The Beehive Coke Years, A Pictorial History of Those Times. Uniontown, PA: John K. Gates

Gay, George E.
1915   General Map of the Bituminous Coal Region in Western Pennsylvania Showing the Location of Mines and the Various Inspection Districts.  Harrisburg, PA:  Department of Mines of Pennsylvania.

Gazarik, Richard
1978 Dorothy Patch - A Bit of Americana. published in "Focus Magazine," of the "Tribune-Review," July 2, 1978. Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Co.
1981 Oral Histories Capture Flavor of "Early Days". published in "Focus Magazine," of the "Tribune-Review," January 4,1981. Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Co.

Gebhardt, Fred
1970 Joseph A. Yablonski's 1969 Campaign to Become President of the United Mine Workers of America. Indiana, PA:  Paper, Indiana University of Pennsylvania,  IUP Library Collections.

Gilfillan, Lauren, Harriet W.
1977 I Went to Pit School.  New York, NY: AMS Press.

Gocher, John W.
1913  Coking the Semi-Bituminous Johnstown Coals.  published in "Coal Age," June 14, 1913, pp.906-909.  n.p.: Coal Age.

Gorenc, Mary
1998 My Family in Yukon and Wyano.  published in "Westmoreland History," Winter 1998, a publication of the Westmoreland County Historical Society. Greensburg, PA: pp.12-22.

Gottlieb, Peter
1987 Black Miners and the 1925-28 Bituminous Coal Strike: The Colored Committee of Non-Union Miners, Montour Mine No. 1, Pittsburgh Coal Company. published in "Labor History,"  28:2 (Spring 1987):233-241.

Gowaskie, Joseph M.
1976 From Conflict To Cooperation: John Mitchell And Bituminous Coal Operators, 1898-1908. published in "The Historian," (38), August 1976, pp. 669-688.
1985  John Mitchell And The Anthracite Mine Workers: Leadership, Conservatism and Rank-And-File Militancy.  published in "Labor History," (27:1), Winter 1985-1986, pp. 54-84.

Grata, Joe
1974 Energy to Burn. Published in "The Pittsburgh Press Roto," August 25, 1974. Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh Press Publishing Company.

Greater Latrobe Centennial Corporation
1954 One Hundred Years of Latrobe, Pa. Latrobe, PA: n.p.

Greensburg Daily Tribune (Newspaper)
1891 One-Hundred Four Die in Mammoth Mine Explosion. published in the "Greensburg Daily Tribune," January 29, 1891. Greensburg, PA: Greensburg Daily Tribune Publishing Co.

Gregg, James, editor
1949 History of Greensburg, Sesquicentennial 1799-1949. Greensburg, PA: n.p.

Gugliotta, Angela
2000 Class, Gender, and Coal Smoke:  Gender Ideology and Environmental Injustice in Pittsburgh, 1868-1914.   published in "Environmental History," (5: 2),  2000, pp. 165-193.

Gutman, Herbert G.
1959 Two Lockouts in Pennsylvania, 1873-1874.  published in "The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography," (83), 1959, pp. 307-326.

Guyer, John P.
1923 Pennsylvania's Cossacks and The State's Police. Reading, PA: n.p.

Halberstadt, Baird
1901 General Map of the Bituminous Coal Fields of Pennsylvania. 1901 edition. Pottsville, PA: Halberstadt Publishing
1903 General Map of the Bituminous Coal Fields of Pennsylvania. 1903 edition. Pottsville, PA: Halberstadt Publishing.
1907 General Map of the Bituminous Coal Fields of Pennsylvania. 1907 edition. Pottsville, PA: Halberstadt Publishing.
1914 General Map of the Bituminous Coal Fields of Pennsylvania. 1914 edition. Pottsville, PA: Halberstadt Publishing.
1935 General Map of the Bituminous Coal Fields of Pennsylvania. 1935 edition. Pottsville, PA: Halberstadt Publishing.
1938 General Map of the Bituminous Coal Fields of Pennsylvania. 1938 edition. Pottsville, PA: Halberstadt Publishing.

Hall, Bob
1984 Somerset County Coal:  Boom or Bust!  published in "Four-In-One,"  Nov. 1984.

Hall, R. Dawson
1912 The Jamison Coke Plants, Greensburg. published in "Coal Age," Vol. 1, No.24, April 27,1912. n.p.: Coal Age.
1927  Longwall or Room - Which?.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 32, No. 2, August 1927, pp.71-75.  n.p.: Coal Age.

Hamley, David H.
1971 This is a Short Line?  published in "Trains," March, 1971:38-45.

Harrison, Shelby M. and Paul U. Kellogg
1910 The Westmoreland Strike. published in "The Survey," December 3,1910. n.p.: n.p.

Heald, Sarah H., editor
1990 Fayette County, Pennsylvania, an Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites.  Washington, D.C.: National Park Service.

Helm, William P., Jr.
1922 The Impending Coal Crisis.  published in "Outlook," Feb. 8, 1922.

Herbert, James K.
1982 An Oral History of the Prohibition Era, Indiana County, Pennsylvania.   Indiana, PA: M.A. thesis, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections.

Hess, Demian
n.d. Berwind-White Coal Mining Company Eureka No. 40 and the Windber Mines: Cambria and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania.  Unpublished draft. Washington, DC.:  National Park Service, Historic American Buildings Survey / Historic American Engineering Record.

Hiller, William T.
1972 A Historical Study of the Ku Klux Klan in Westmoreland, Armstrong and Indiana Counties.  Indiana, PA:  M.A. thesis, Indiana University, IUP Library Collections.

Himler, Jeff
1995 Fifty Years Ago, Park Replaced Coal Mine as a New Alex Asset. (highlights Salem No. 2 Mine, Derry Twp.) published in "The Dispatch," May 4, 1995. Blairsville, PA: The Dispatch
1995 NA Man Recalls Peak, Plummet of Mine. (Highlights Salem No. 2 Mine, Derry Twp.) published in "The Dispatch," May 4, 1995. Blairsville, PA: The Dispatch.
1999 Website Digs Deep into Western Pa's Coal Mining History. published in "The Dispatch," Oct. 15,1999. Blairsville, PA: The Dispatch.

2002 New Alexandria Man Digs up History of Old Mining Village.  features Andrico, Derry Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA.  published in "The Dispatch," June 21, 2002. Blairsville, PA: The Dispatch.
2005 Home on the Hill.  Ridgeview Town Reunion Resurrects Fond Memories of the Mining Community.  published in "The Dispatch," April 29, 2005. Blairsville, PA: The Dispatch.

Hindus, Maurice B.
1922 The Revolt of the New Immigrant. published in "Century Magazine," Vol. 105, November, 1922. n.p.: n.p.

Hoffman, John N.
1976  Pennsylvania's Bituminous Coal Industry. Philadelphia, PA: n.p.
1978 Pennsylvania's Bituminous Coal Industry: An Industry Review.  published in "Pennsylvania History," Vol. 45:351-363.

Hogg, J.B.
1909  New Map of the Coal Dields of Somerset County, Pennsylvania and Adjacent Territory Showing all Coal Mines. Connellsville and Uniontown, PA: J.B. Hogg, Civil & Mining Engr.
1910 New Map of the Connellsville Coke Region and Adjacent Fields:  Showing all Coke Works South Western Pennsylvania 1910. Connellsville and Uniontown, PA: J.B. Hogg, Civil & Mining Engr.

Hovanec, Evelyn A.
1991 Coal Mining Roots: The Women.  published in "The Early Coal Miner,"  editor by Dennis F. Brestensky, 68.  Connellsville, PA: Connellsville Printing Company.
2001 Common Lives of Uncommon Strength: The Women of the Coal and Coke Era of Southwestern Pennsylvania, 1880 - 1970.  Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State University Fayette Campus, Uniontown, PA. Dunbar, PA: Stefano's Printing.

Howard, Arthur R.
1981 America's Last Beehives? published in "Model Railroader," June, 1981, p.106. Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Publishing Co.

Howard, Walter T.
2001 The National Miners Union: Communists and Miners in the Pennsylvania Anthracite, 1928-1931. published in "The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography," (125:1/2), January/April 2001, pp. 91-124.

Hoy, James M.
1982  A History of Street Railways in Indiana County. Indiana, PA:  M.A. thesis, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections.

Hunt, J. W.
1960  Crichton No. 4: A Modern Mine.  published in "Mechanization," February, 1960, pp.67-70.

Indiana County Gazette (Newspaper)
          Various articles and news items.  Published in the "Indiana County Gazette," Indiana, PA

Indiana Democrat (Newspaper)
          Various articles and news items.  Published in the "Indiana Democrat," Indiana, PA

Indiana Evening Gazette (Newspaper)
          Various articles and news items.  Published in the "Indiana Evening Gazette," Indiana, PA

Indiana Progress (Newspaper)
          Various articles and news items.  Published in "The Indiana Progress," Indiana, PA

Ingham, John N.
1989 Henry Clay Frick.  published in "The Encyclopedia of American Business History and Biography: Iron and Steel in the Nineteenth Century," edited by Paul F. Paskoff. New York,NY: Bruccoli Clark Layman, Inc.

Iron Age (Magazine)
1902 The Coke Industry in the U.S..  published in "Iron Age,"  May 2, 1902.
1907  The Connellsville Coke Supply,  published in "Iron Age,"  May 28, 1907.
1913 Connellsville Coke Prices for Thirteen Years,  published in "Iron Age,"  Febuary 6, 1913.

Iron Trade Review (Magazine)
1906  An Innovation in Coke Ovens.  published in "Iron Trade Review," November 22, 1906.
1920  Beehive Coke Losing Ground, published in "Iron Trade Review," January 1, 1920:100-102.
1928 By Product Coke Strengthens Industrial Hold.  published in "Iron Trade Review,"  January 5, 1928:78.
1929 Beehive Coke Retrogression is more Marked.  published in "Iron Trade Review,"  January 3, 1929:78.

Irwin 75th Anniversary Committee
1939 The Diamond: Official Publication Commemorating Irwin's 75th Anniversary Celebration, 1864-1939. Irwin, PA: Rodgers Printing Company

Irwin, W. G.
1900  The Development of the Connellsville Coke Region,  published in "Engineering and Mining Journal," March 24, 1900.

Jamieson, D.
1934 Pulverized - Coal Plant Installed at Nanty Glo Operation of Lincoln Coal Company.  published in "Coal Age," Vol. 39, October, 1934, pp.386-387.  n.p.: Coal Age.

Jandoli, Russell J.
1955 Jimmie McKenna And The Molly Maguires. published in "The Holy Name Journal," October 1955, pp. 23-25.

Jenkins, Robert L.
1995 Former store Building has long history in Bradenville.  published in "The Independent," July, 1995. Latrobe, PA: The Independent Publishing Co.
1995 How Bradenville's "Dynamite Hill" received its name.  published in "The Independent," Nov.9, 1995. Latrobe, PA: The Independent Publishing Co.
1995 Bradenville Tragedy was 80 years ago.  published in "The Independent," Nov. 22,1995. Latrobe, PA: The Independent Publishing Co.

Jerome Homecoming
2000  Jerome: A Stroll in the Past. Commemorative book. Year 2000 Jerome Homecoming.

Johnson, James P.
1979  The Politics of Soft Coal:  The Bituminous Industry From World War I Through the New Deal,  Urbana, IL:  University of Illinois Press.

Johnson, Meredith E.
1925 Topographic and Geologic Atlas of Pennsylvania No. 37, Greensburg Quadrangle: Mineral Resoures. Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Fourth Series. Department of Forests and Waters, Topographic and Geological Survey. Harrisburg, PA: Department of Forests and Waters for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

Johnston, John K.
1911 Report of the Bituminous Coal Beds of Pennsylvania in the Territory Adjacent to the Pennsylvania Railroad East of Pittsburgh and Erie.  Tyrone, PA: John K. Johnston.

Johnstown Tribune (Newspaper)
1922  Jerome Is Swept by $100,000 Fire: Blaze Destroys Y.M.C.A., Hillman Company Store and Residence. published in the "Johnstown Tribune," Johnstown, PA, April 3, 1922, p. 18.
1922  Boswell Miners Walk Out; Union Activity in Somerset Is Extending.  published in the "Johnstown Tribune," Johsntown, PA, April 18, 1922, p.1.

Jones, Richard Lloyd
1911 Pennsylvania Russia - The Fight of the Soft-Coal Miners of the Keystone State Against a Condition of Slavery. published in "Collier's Magazine," April 1,1911. n.p.: n.p.

Junker, Leann
2004 Inside Daisytown: Former Coal-Mining Community Seeks Road to Economic Revival.  published in "Tribune-Review," Feb. 29, 2004, Greensburg, PA

Kaplan, Stella
1945 Recent Developments in Housing for the Bituminous Coal Miner.  unpublished M.A. Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.  Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh.

Karotis, Stan
2006 A Coal-Miner's Son and His Dream. A Story of Renton, PA Published by:  Karotis Publishing, Ridgecrest, CA

Kashatus, William C.
2000 The UMWA Wins America's Approval:  John Mitchell and the Anthracite Strike of 1902. published in "Pennsylvania Heritage, " (26: 3), 2000, pp. 32-39.

Keighley, Fred C.
1900 The Connellville Coking Region. published in "Mines and Minerals," Feb, 1900,  New York, NY: n.p.

1900  The Method in the Connellsville Coke Region,  published in "Engineering Magazine," Oct., 1900.

Keystone Consolidated Publishing Company.
1914, 1935, 1938, 1940-1987 The Coal Catalog, Including Directory of Mines. Pittsburgh, PA: Keystone Consolidated Company, 1914, 1935, and 1938, 1940 - 1987 editions.

King, John
2000 Correspondence with John King, Belpre, OH, concerning the Millwood Coal & Coke Company Railroad, which served the Millwood Mine. Including a roster of the locomotives used on the railroad.

Kinter, Harry S.
1970 The Red Scare, 1919-1920, the Role of American Labor as Precipitant (Activist or Victim?).   Indiana, PA: Paper, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections.

Kirchwey, Freda
1922 Miners' Wives in the Coal Strike.  published in "Century Magazine," Vol. 105, November, 1922. n.p.: n.p.

Koch, Karl
1980 Recollections. unpublished manuscript in the collections of the Westmoreland County Historical Society. Greensburg, PA: Westmoreland County Historical Society
n.d. Photo collection of the Export Area. Archives collections of the Westmoreland County Historical Society. Greensburg, PA: Westmoreland County Historical Society.

Konitsky, Erma, Editor
1977 Out of the Dark 2:  Mining Folk. Indiana, PA: A.G. Hallidin Publishing Company, 1977.

Korcheck, Robert
1980 Nemacolin: The Mine and the Community, 1917-1950.  Nemacolin, PA: n.p.

Korson, George
1943 Coal Dust on the Fiddle.  Songs and stories of the Bituminous Industry. Philadelphia, PA: n.p.

1964 Minstrels of the Mine Patch: Songs and Stories of the Anthracite Industry. Hatboro, PA: Folklore Associates, 1964.
1965 Coal Dust on the Fiddle: Songs and Stories of the Bituminous Industry. Hatboro, PA: Folklore Associates.

Kragness, Kurt
2001  The Memoirs of Frank Dushack, Penn Gas No. 2 Mine.  Mpls., Minn

Kuchta, David
1999 Once a Man, Twice a Boy. Nesquehoning, PA: Kiwi Publishing.

Lackawanna Coal & Coke Company
n.d.  Lackawanna Coal & Coke Company Ledgers from Wehrum, Indiana Co, PA  The ledgers are in the Hagley Museum Archives.  Hagley's Library archives have manuscript materials from Lackawanna Coal and Coke Co. consisting of mining ledgers from Wehrum, Indiana Co., PA. Hagley Museum, Wilmington, DE.

Landscape (Magazine)
1986  A Relic Industrial Landscape, Pittsburgh's Coke Region.  published in "Landscape," Vol.29, No. 2: 29-36.

Lane, Winthrop D.
1924 The Denial of Civil Liberties in the Coalfields.  New York, N.Y.: George H. Doran Co.

Latrobe Advance (Newspaper)
1881 Latrobe Advance (April 20, 1881). published in the "Latrrobe Advance," Latrobe, PA: Latrobe Advance Publishing Company.
1903 Latrobe Advance (Aug. 26, 1903) "Baggaley Tipple Wreched." publiushed in the "Latrobe Advance," Latrobe, PA: Latrobe Advance Publishing Company.

Latrobe Bulletin (Newspaper)
1911 Latrobe Bulletin ( May 10,1911 ). Latrobe, PA: Latrobe Bulletin Publishing Co.

Latrobe Area Historical Society
n.d. Coal Mining Archives Collections of the Latrobe Area Historical Society. Latrobe, PA: Latrobe Area Historical Society

Lauck, W. Jett
1911 Industrial Communities. published in "The Survey," January 7, 1911. n.p.: n.p.
1911 The Bituminous Coal Miners and Coke Workers of Western Pennsylvania. published in "The Survey," April, 1911, Vol. 26:pp.34-51. n.p.: n.p.

Levy, Eugene D. and Demarest, David P., Jr.
1986 A Relic Industrial Landscape, Pittsburgh's Coke Region,  published in "Landscape," vol. 29, No. 2:29-36.

Lewis, John L.
1925 The Miners fight for American Standards.  n.p.: Indianapoilis, IN

Lewis, Ronald
1991 Black Miners in the Southwestern Pennsylvania Coalfields During the Labor Dispute of 1924-28.  published in "The Early Coal Miner,"  edited by Dennis F. Brestensky, 68.  Connellsville, PA: Connellsville Printing Company.

Lewis, W. David
1972  The Early History of the Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company, A Study in Technological Adaption.  published in "The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography", (96), 1972, pp. 424-468.

Long, Priscilla
1989 Where the Sun Never Shines:  A History of America's Bloody Coal Industry.  New York, NY:  Paragon House, publishers.

Lozosky, Mary Elaine
1967  Assimilation of the Polish, Slovakian, and Hungarian Ethnic Groups of Daisytown, Pennsylvania.   Masters Thesis, California State College, California, PA.
2003 A Daisy of a Town. Daisytown, PA: Privately published.
2004 Daisies, Dignity, and Daily Life.  Daisytown, PA: Privately published.

Luker, J. Harvey, editor
1899 Historical Souvenir of Scottdale. Scottdale, PA: Scottdale Independent Press.

Lybarger, Edward H.
1995 The Streetcar Era in Westmoreland County 1889-1952. published in "Westmoreland History," Summer 1995, a publication of the Westmoreland County Historical Society. Greensburg, PA: pp.36-47

Lynch, Clay F. and C. S. Wardley
1949 Early Development of the H.C. Frick Coke Company.  published in "Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine," Vol. 32 (Sept.-Dec.), 1949,  a publication of the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, PA

Mac Farlane, James
1873 The Coal Regions of America:  Their Topography, Geography, and Development.  New York, NY:  Appleton and Company.

Mac Lean, Annie Marion
1908-1909 Life in the Pennsylvania Coal Fields with Particular Reference to Women.  published in "American Journal of Sociology," Vol. 14:pp.329-351.  n.p.: n.p.

Magda, Matthew S.
1985 Monessen: Industrial Boomtown and Steel Community, 1898-1980.  Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission.

Magnusson, Leifur
1920 Company Housing in the Bituminous Coalfields,  published in "Monthly Labor Review,"  vol.10, April, 1920:1045-52.

Maher, Regis
1999 Patches of History.. The 1920's and 1930's: Heyday of Fayette County Coal and Coke in Pennsylvania.  Dunbar, PA: Stefano's Printing.

Marcus, Irwin M.
1973 Labor Discontent In Tioga County, Pennsylvania, 1865-1905: The Gutman Thesis, A Test Case. published in "Labor History," (14), 1973, pp. 414-422.
2002 Migration, Milling, Mining:  The Johnstown Heritage Discovery Center and Windber Coal Heritage Center.  published in "Pennsylvania History," (69: 1),  2002, pp. 85-93.

Marcus, Irwin M., Cooper, Eileen M., and Dougherty, James P.
1992 Confrontation At Rossiter: The Coal Strike Of 1927-1928 And Its Aftermath.  published in "Pennsylvania History," (59:4), October 1992, pp. 310-326.
1994 Judge Jonathan Langham And The Use Of The Labor Injunction In Indiana County, 1919-1931.  published in "The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography", (118), 1994, pp. 63-85.

Marcus, Irwin M., Cooper, Eileen M., and O'Leary, Beth
1989 The Coal Strike of 1919 in Indiana County.  published in "Pennsylvania History," (56:3),  July 1989, pp. 177-195.
1990 The Coral Episode of The Coal Strike of 1919. published in "The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography," (114), 1990, pp. 543-561.

McClenathan, John Carter, et. al.
1906 Centennial History of the Borough of Connellsville, Pennsylvania, 1806-1906.  Columbus, OH:  Champlin Press.

McDonough, Judith
1997 Worker Solidarity, Judicial Oppression, and Police Repression in the Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania Coal Miner's Strike, 1910-1911.  published in "Pennsylvania History," (64:3), 1997, pp. 384-406.

McGrew, Lawrence T.
1985 Thomas Williams vs. the Pennsylvania Railroad Company: An Examination of the Allegheny Lawyer's Campaign Against the Railroad Company. Indiana, PA: M.A. thesis, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections.

McKnight, W. J.
1898 A Pioneer History of Jefferson County, Pennsylvania.  Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott Company.
1903 A Pioneer History of Northwestern Pennsylvania.  Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott Company.

McPherson, Donald S.
1970 The Little Steel Strike in Johnstown, Pa. Company - Town Cooperation in Union Destruction. Indiana, Pa: Paper, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections.

Meyerhuber, Carl I.
1980 The Alle - Kiske Coal Wars, 1913-1919. published in "The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine," (63:3), July 1980, pp. 197-213.

Michrina, Barry P.
1993 Pennsylvania Mining Families:  The Search for Dignity in the Coalfields.  Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press.

1997 Soft Coal's Soft Spoken Diplomat.  published in "Pennsylvania History," Spring 1997, pp. 4-9.

Miller, Claude
1965 Niverton - Boomtown.  published in "Casselman Chronicle," vol. 5, nos.3 & 4 (Fall & Winter), 1965.

Miller, Lonnie
1997 Robena: A Chronological History of Robena Mine in Greeene County, PA.  n.p.: Rita Miller, publisher.
1998  Robena: Photographs, A Pictorical History of a Coal Miner and Its Miners.  n.p.: Rita Miller, Publisher.

Miller, Thomas S.
1969 The Causes and Consequences of the Guffey Coal Acts. Indiana, PA: Paper, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections.

Mines and Minerals (Magazine)
1900 The Connellville Coking Region. published in "Mines and Minerals," Feb, 1900,  New York, NY: n.p. 1901 A modified Longwall System. Notes on the Method Employed at the Vintondale Mine of the Vinton Colliery Company. August, 1901:pp.16-18.
1902  The Connellsville Coke Region.  published in "Mines and Minerals,"  August, 1902.
1913 Rational Mine Sociology:  Amusement Hall of the H.C. Frick Coke Company,  published in "Mines and Minerals," vol. 33, Jan., 1913:303-304.

Mochnick, John W.
1982 History of Penn Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Greensburg, PA: South Greensburg Printing Co.

Montgomery, Margaret N.
1959 Industrial Study of Coal in Indiana County, Pennsylvania.  unpublished paper.  Indiana, PA: Stepleton Library, Indiana University of Pennsylvania.

Monthly Labor Review )Magazine)
1920  Company Housing in the Bituminous Coalfields,  published in "Monthly Labor Review,"  vol.10, April, 1920:1045-52.

Mount Pleasant Journal (Newspaper)
1891 Mt. Pleasant Journal (Feb. 8, 1891). Mt. Pleasant, PA: Mt. Pleasant Journal Publishing Company

Mount Pleasant Township Bicentennial Committee, Kenneth H. Eichner, editor
1973 Mount Pleasant Township Bicentennial April 6, 1773 - 1973, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Mount Pleasant, PA: Imperial Printing.

Mt. Pleasant Journal (Newspaper)
1891 As a Thief in the Night, The Mammoth Mine Disaster. published in the "Mt. Pleasant Journal," vol. 18, No.40 (February 3, 1891). Mt. Pleasant, PA: Mt. Pleasant Journal Publishing Company.

Muller, Edward K. and Ronald C. Carlisle
1994 Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. An Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites. Historic American Buildings Survey / Historic American Engineering Record, America's Industrial Heritage Project. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.

Mulrooney, Margaret M.
1989 A Legacy of Coal: The Coal Company Towns of Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior.

Musser, A.J.
1944  Coal and the New York Central Railroad Company; Some Activities of the Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation and the New York Central Railroad Company. published in "The Explosive Engineer," March-April 1944, pp. 68-75.

Napsha, Joe
1994 Darr Mine Disaster Remembered.  published in "The Tribune Review," Sept. 2, 1994.  Greensburg, PA: The tribune Review.

New Alexandria Bicentennial History Committee
1976 200 Years of History in New Alexandria, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Latrobe, PA: D & Z Printers.

New Castle News (Newspaper)
         Various articles and news items.  Published in the "New Castle News," New Castle, PA

New York Times (Newspaper)
1915 Mine Explosion Kills 16,;  After-Damp of Gas Blast Overcomes Men in Johnstown Colliery. Orenda Mine, Boswell, PA  published in the "New York Times," New York, NY, Sept. 1, 1915.
1922  Rockefeller Sides With Coal Strikers. published in "The New York Times," New York, NY, October 26, 1922.
1923  Worse Than Slaves, Says Berwind Mine Committee's Report.  published in "The New York Times," New York, NY,  January 2, 1923.

Niell, Charles P. (Commissioner of Labor, prepared under the direction of)
1912 Report on the Miners' Strike in the Bituminous Coal Field in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania in 1910-1911. 62nd Congress, 2nd Session, House Document, No. 847, Vol. 97. Washington, D.C.: Congress of the United States

Nixdorf, Allen G. III.
1970 Mines, Mining Conditions, and the United Mine Workers in the Pennsylvania Bituminous Coal Fields, 1900-1920. Indiana, PA: Paper, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, IUP Library Collections.

O'Malley, T. T.
1892 Adventures in the Mines, or Perils Underground.  Akron, OH: Werner Printing and Litho Co.

Odegard, Gordon
1981 H.C. Frick Co. standard electric larry.  published in "Model Railroader," June, 1981 p.107. Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Publishing Co.

Olejar, Paul D.
1991 Sentinel at the Crossroads.  New Brighton, PA: Commission on Western Pennsylvania Conference United Methodist Church.

Palladino, Grace
1990  Another Civil War: Labor, Capital, and the State in the Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania, 1840-1868 (The Working Class in American History). University of Illinois Press.

Pavlik, Steven A.
1979 Disaster in Johnstown: The Rolling Mill Mine Explosion, 1902, and Its Immigrant Victims.  Unpublished manuscript. A high school term paper focusing on the ethnicity of the victims of Johnstown's Worst mining disaster.  Johnstown, PA: Johnstown Public Library, Pennsylvania Collections.

Perryopolis Sesquicentennial Committee
1964 Perryopolis Area Sesquicentennial, 1814-1964.  Perryopolis Sesquicentennial Committee, Perryopolis, PA: n.p.

Phalen, William Clifton
1907 Coal Resources of Johnstown and Vicinity.  United States Geological Survey Bulletin 316:  Contributions to Economic Geology, 1906. Part II, Coal , Lignite, and Peat, pp. 20-41.  Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

1910 Johnstown, Pennsylvania, United States Geological Survey, Geological Atlas, Folio 174.  Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.

Phalen, W. C.  and L. Martin
1911 Mineral Resources of Johnstown, Pennsylvania and Vicinity.  United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 447. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office.

Phelan, Craig
1996 John Mitchell And The Politics Of The Trade Agreement, 1898-1917.  published in "The United Mine Workers of America:  A Model of Industrial Solidarity?" John H.M. Laslett (Ed.), University Park, PA:  Penn State University Press, 1996.
1996 The Making of A Labor Leader: John Mitchell and The Anthracite Strike of 1900. published in "Pennsylvania History," (63:1), Winter 1996, pp. 53-77.

Pidgeon, Regan
1984 Tragedies of Wehrum Remembered Sunday.  published in "Indiana Gazette,"  June 23, 1984.  Indiana Gazette, Indiana, PA

Pierce, Paul
1988 Greenwald: A Town By Any Other Name.  Article published in the "Greensburg Tribune Review," September 21,1988. Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Company.

Pietrak, Paul
1979 The Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh Railway.  North Boston, NY: Privately printed.

Pinkowski, Edward
1949 Joseph Batton, Father of the Coal Breaker. published in "The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography," (73), 1949, pp. 337-348.

Pittsburg Press (Newspaper)
1907 Horror of the Darr Mine Disaster is Growing.  published in the "Pittsburg Press," Dec. 21, 1907. 

Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph (Newspaper)
1934 Fatal Mine Blast Probed by U.S. ansd State, Relatives, Recuers at the Blast-torn Braburn Mine: "How Many Still Live?".  Article published in the "Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph," Friday, September 21,1934. Pittsburgh,PA: Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph Publishing Company

Platt, Franklin
1876 Special Report on the Coke Manufacture of the Youghiogheny River Valley  in Fayette and Westmoreland Counties with Geological Notes of the Coal and Iron Beds. Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: published by the Board of Commissioners for the Second Geological Survey.

Portage Centennial Book Committee
1990  Portrait of a Town, Portage, Pennsylvania, 1890 - 1990.  Portage Area Historical Society.

Preseren, Herman J.
1998 Yukon's Ethnic Slovenes   published in "Westmoreland History," Summer 1998, a publication of the Westmoreland County Historical Society. Greensburg, PA: pp.35-36.

Pulay, Emoke
n.d. (ca.1993)  The Shots Fired at Morewood.  published by the Southwest Pennsylvania Heritage Preservation Commission and the Mt. Pleasant Area Heritage Preservation Committee.

Pulling, Sr. Anne Frances
2000  Images of America - Northern Cambria.  Arcadia Publishing: Charleston, SC

Quecreek Miners as told to Jeff Goodell
2002 Our Story: 77 Hours That Tested Our Friendship and Our Faith.  New York: Hyperion, 2002.

Reese, Jack B.
1988 Grubing the Bowels of the Earth. Smithfield, PA: n.p.

Richardson, George Atwell
1923 Cambria Steel Company Finds That Good Housing Increases Output.  published in "Coal Age," V.23, No. 20:812-118 (May 17,1923). n.p.: Coal Age.

Ricketts, Elizabeth
1996 Our Battle for Industrial Freedom: Radical Politics in the Coal Fields of Central Pennsylvania, 1916-1926.  Ph.D. Dissertation, Emory University, 1996.
1998 The Struggle for Civil Liberties and Unionization in the Coal Fields: The Free Speech Case of Vintondale, Pennsylvania,  1922.   published in "The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography," (CXXII: 4), October 1998, pp. 319-352.

Roddy, Dennis B.
1985 Westmoreland Hamlet Rooted in Coal.  features Crows Nest, Bovard, Hempfield Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA. published in 'Tribune-Review," Aug. 18, 1985, Greensburg, PA

Roftus, Robert
1971 Coal Trains North: The Rochester And Pittsburgh Railroad Company,  published in "The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine," (54), 1971, pp. 264-273.

Rogers, Carl
1999 Coal Mining at Penn, Pennsylvania.  published in "Westmoreland History," Summer 1999, a Publication of the Westmoreland County Historical Society. Greensburg, PA: n.p.

Rosendale, Ralph and Timonthy Hroblak
1998 A coal Vain in Our Vains, Colonial Mines: A Coal Story of Our Times.  Dunbar, PA: Stefano's Printing.

Roth, Bernard B., editor
1973 10 Score North Huntingdon Township, 1733-1973. n.p.: Privately Printed.

Rowe, J. Wyant, ed.
1941 The Life of South Greensburg, Pa.: 1891-1941. Greensburg, PA: n.p.

Salay, David L.
2000 As Important and Vital to Successful Mining, as the Sap is to the Tree:  The Dorrance Colliery Fan Complex: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. published in "The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology," (26: 1),  2000, pp. 55-70.

Sanborn Map Company
1909 Sanborn Map of Latrobe, Pennsylvania. New York, NY: Sanborn Map Company
1916 Sanborn Map of Yukon, Pennsylvania. New York, NY: Sanborn Map Company
1919 Sanborn Map of Irwin, Pennsylvania. New York, NY: Sanborn Map Company
1925 Sanborn Map of Irwin, Pennsylvania. New York, NY: Sanborn Map Company
1925 Sanborn Map of Latrobe, Pennsylvania. New York, NY: Sanborn Map Company
1942 Sanborn Map of Irwin, Pennsylvania. New York, NY: Sanborn Map Company

Sapovich, Stella
n.d. Collection of Photographs of Salemville, PA. Geensburg, PA: unpublished

Scott, G. S., et. al.
1943 Modern Beehive Coke Oven Practice.  Preliminary Report.  U.S. Bureau of Mines, Report of Investigation No. R 13738, December, 1943.

Scottdale Centennial Association, Inc.
1974 Scottdale 100 Years. Scottdale, PA: Scottdale Centennial Association, Inc.

Sexton, John L.
1883  Blossburg Township - Arnot History,'  History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania, with Illustrations, Portraits, and Sketches of Prominent Families and Individuals. New York:  W.W. Munsall and Company, Press of George MacNamara, pp. 89-95.

Shaffner, M. N.
1958 Geology and Mineral Resources of the New Florence Quadrangle Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Geological Survey Fourth Series, Department of Internal Affairs, Topographic and Geological Survey. Harrisburg, PA: Department of Interior.

Shaffner, Marchant N.
1963  Geology and Mineral Resources of the Donegal Quadrangle, Pennsylvania.  Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Fourth Series.  Harrisburg, PA:  Pennsylvania Geological Survey.

Sheppard, Muriel Earley
1947 Cloud by Day, The Story of Coal and Coke and People. University of North Carolina Press.
1991 Cloud by Day, The Story of Coal and Coke and People.  New Edition. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Shalloo, Jeremiah Patrick
1933 Private Police.  Published by "The American Academy of Political and Social Science, Philadelphia, PA

Shurick, Adam Thomas
1911 Colliery Dwelling Construction.  published in "Coal Age,"  Vol. 25:211-214 (November, 1911.)  n.p.: Coal Age.
1924 The Coal Industry.  Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Company.

Simpson's Daily Leader-Times (Newspaper)
         Various articles and news items.  Published in "Simpson's Daily Leader-Times," Kittanning, PA

Singer, Alan
1988   Class-Conscious Coal Miners,' Nanty-Glo Versus the Open Shop in the Post World War I Era.  published in "Labor History," (29:1), Winter 1988, pp. 56-65.
1988 John Brophy's 'Miners' Program':Workers' Education in UMWA District 2 During the 1920s.  published in  "Labor Studies Journal," (13:4), Winter 1988, pp. 50-64.

Sisler, James D.
1924 Bituminous Coal Losses and Mining Methods.  Harrisburg, PA:  Pennsylvania Topographic and Geological Survey
1926 Bituminous Coal Fields of Pennsylvania : Part II. Detailed Description of Coal Fields. Topographic and Geologic Survey, Bulletin M6, Part II. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Forests and Waters. Harrisburg, PA: Department of Forests and Waters.

Sisterson, Robert D.
1950 The Career of Josiah Vankirk Thompson in the Coking Coal Industry.  Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA

Slickville 75th Anniversary Committee, Ralph Resnick, editor
1992 Slickville, PA. 75th Anniversary 1817 - 1992. Murrysville, PA: Bondi Printing

Smith-Abramowitz,
1991 Smithton Man Searches for More on Mine Blast. published in "The Daily Couruer" (Newspaper) , December 19,1991. Scottdale, PA: The Daily Courier

Smith, Alan McKinley
1960 The Development of the American Coke Industry to 1875, with Emphasis on the Connellsville Field.  Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Smith, Helene
1986 Export: A Patch of Tapestry out of a Coal Country America. Greensburg, PA: McDonald/Sward Publishing Company.

Snyder, William P., Jr.
1956 W.P. Snyder's Shenango Companies: 75 Years in Iron Mining and Manufacturing. New York, San Francisco, and Montreal: The Newcomen Society of North America

Spangler Cenntennial Book Committee
1993 Spangler 1893 - 1993.  Privately Printed.

South Penn Engineering Company
1914 Map of the Connellsville Coke Region and Adjacent Fields. Uniontown, PA: South Penn Engineering Company.
1921 Map of the Connellsville Coke Region and Adjacent Fields. Uniontown, PA: South Penn Engineering Company.

Starry, Joseph
1991 Oral History Interviews - with Joseph Starry, 1990. with Steve Benzo printed in "Patriotic - Historical New Alexandria." Published by Stephen Benzo. Alexandria, PA: Privately Printed.
1999 Oral History interview - with 85 year old Joseph Starry, 1999. with Raymond A. Washlaski. New Alexandria, PA: unpublished manuscript.

Starry, Peter, Jr.
1998-1999 Oral History Interviews - with 79 year old Peter E. Starry, Jr., 1998-99. with Raymond A. Washlaski. New Alexandria, PA: unpublished manuscript.
n.d Pete Starry Photograph Collections, Salemville Mines of Keystone Coal and Coke Company. New Alexandria, PA: unpublished

Steeley, James V.
2004 A Tale of Two Company Towns: Greenwald & Paruco Park. published in "Westmoreland History," Vol. 9, No. 1, April, 2004, publication of the Westmoreland County Historical Society, Greensburg, PA.

Stephenoff, Bonnie
1996 Papa on Parade: Pennsylvania Coal Miners' Daughters and The Silk Workers Strike of 1913. published in "Labor's Heritage," Winter 1996, pp. 4-21.

Stevenson, J. J.
1876  Report of Progress in the Greene and Washington Districts of the Bituminous Coal Fields of Western Pennsylvania. Report K   Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania 1876. Harrisburg, PA: Published by the Board of Commissioners for the Second Geological Survey.
1877 Report of Progress in the Fayette & Westmoreland District of the Bituminous Coal-Fields of Western Pennsylvania. Part I. Eastern Allegheny County and Fayette and Westmoreland Counties west of Chestnut Ridge. Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania 1876. Harrisburg, PA: Published by the Board of Commissioners for the Second Geological Survey.
1878 Report of Progress in the Fayette & Westmoreland District of the Bituminous Coal-Fields of Western Pennsylvania. Part II. The Ligonier Valley. Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania 1877. Harrisburg, PA: Published by the Board of Commissioners for the Second Geological Survey.

Stewart, J.
1913 Indiana County, Pennsylvania, Her People, Past and Present.  Chicago, IL: J.H. Beers and Company.

Stewart, Paul
1988 Fiftieth Anniversary of the Hannastown Fire Department: 1938-1988. Hannastown, PA: Privately printed.

Stonycreek Township Centennial Committee
1976  Stonycreek Township History Book, 1876-1976.  n.p.: Stonycreek Township Centennial Committee.

Storey, Henry Wilson
1907  The History of Cambria County, Pennsylvania.  New York, NY: Lewis Publishing Co.

Storey, Jerry
2001 Bobtown: Newcomers, Natives call 'Company Town without a company' Home.  published in "Focus Magazine," of the "Tribune-Review," April 22, 2001. Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Co.
2002 Smock: Former Coal Patch Still has Spark. published in "Focus Magazine," of the "Tribune-Review," April 14, 2002. Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Co.

Storey, Walter J.
1988  Brief History of Coal & Coke in Fayette County, unpublished essay, 1982. Portions were published in the Uniontown Herald-Standard 100th Anniversary Edition, November 15, 1988.
1991 Brief History of Coal and Coke in Fayette County.   published in "The Early Coal Miner,"  editor by Dennis F. Brestensky, 68.  Connellsville, PA: Connellsville Printing Company.
1993  Stories of Uniontown and Fayette County PA.  Dunbar, PA: Stefamo Printing Co.

Swauger, Kirk
1991  Vein of Coal was Village's Lifeblood.  published in "The Tribune Democrat,"  17 Nov., 1991.

Tannenbaum, Frank
1922 The Ku Klux Klan.  published in "Century Magazine,"  November, 1922.

Taylor, E.C.
1912 Problems in the Washing of Coal. (Highlights Huron Mine, Salem Twp.) published in "Coal Age," Vol.2, No. 17:570-572 (October 26,1912). n.p.: Coal Age.

The Courier (Newspaper)
          Various articles and news items.  Published in "The Courier," Connellsville, PA

The Daily Courier (Newspaper)
1907 Bodies of Darr Victims Rapidly Being Recovered. Article published in "The Daily Courier," December 26,1907. Scottdale, PA: The Daily Courier.
1991 The Daily Courier, Scottdale, PA December 19,1991. Article: Smithton Man Searches for More on Mine blast. Scottdale, PA: The Daily Courier
1993 The Daily Courier, Scottdale, PA December 17, 1993. Article: Darr Mine Tragedy Recalled. Scotdale, PA: The Daily Courier.

The Dispatch (Newspaper)
v.d. Various articles on Coal Mining in the New Alexandria and Derry Area. Blairsville, PA: The Dispatch

The DuBois Courier (Newspaper)
         Various articles and news items.  Published in "The DuBois Courier," DuBois, PA

The Morning Herald (Newspaper)
         Various articles and news items.  Published in "The Morning Herald," Uniontown, PA

The Morning Review (Newspaper)
1907 Two Hundred Men Entombed in Darr Mine at Jacobs Creek as The Result of an Explosion. Article published in "The Morning Review," December 20,1907. Greensburg, PA: The Morning Review.

The Pittsburg Press (Newspaper)
1907 Horror of the Darr Mine Disaster is Growing.  published in "The Pittsburg Press,"  Dec. 21, 1907.  Pittsburg, PA: The Pittsburg Press.

The Pittsburgh Post (Newspaper)
1907 Group of Miners and Their Friends Awaiting Word from Imprisoned Miners.  published in "The Pittsburgh Post," Dec. 21, 1907.  Pittsburgh, PA: The Pittsburgh Post.

The Sun (Newspaper)
1907 Estimated The 300 Men are Entombed in Mine:  Result of Bad Explosion at Jacobs Creek.  published in "The Sun," Dec. 19, 1907.  Pittsburg, PA: The Sun.

The Times Sun (Newspaper)
1987 Mine explosion of 1907 remembered: The Darr Mine Explosion. Article published in "The Times Sun," March 4,1987. Scottdale, PA: Laurel Group Press.

The Weekly Courier (Newspaper)
          Various articles and news items. Published in "The Weekly Courier," Connellsville, PA

1914 The Weekly Courier, Connellsville, PA May, 1914. Articles: The Upper Connellsville Coke Region & The Greensburg Connellsville Coke Region. Connellsville, PA: The Weekly Courier.
1914 The Weekly Courier, Connellsville, PA May, 1914. Articles: Modern Methods of Coal and Coke Making & Railroads of the Connellsville Coke Region. Connellsville, PA: The Weekly Courier.

The West Newton Times-Sun (Newspaper)
1907 Darr Mine at Jacobs Creek, Scene of Thursdays Explosion.  published in "The West Newton Times-Sun,"  Dec. 26, 1907.  West Newton, PA:  The West Newton Times-Sun.

The Westmoreland News
1942 The Westmoreland News - 1942. Newsletter of the Westmoreland Mining Company, Blairsville, PA. Blairsville, PA: Westmoreland Mining Company

Thomas, Eleanor
1990 Community Express, History of Torrance, Gray Station, Hillside, Cokeville. Scottdale, PA: Laurel Group Press.

Thompson, Lloyd
1987 Mine Explosion of 1901 Remembered. (highlights the Port Royal Mine, Rostraver Twp.) published in "The Times-Sun," March 4,1987. Scottdale, PA: The Times-Sun Publishing Company.

Townsend, Ed.
1956  People at Work.  Sixteen Tons Impact.  published in "Christian Science Monitor," January 7, 1956.

Tribune Democrat (Newspaper)
1991 Goodtown remains reminiscent of Region's Mining Tradition.  published in "Tribune Democrat," Johnstown, PA, 20 Jan., 1991.

Turnbull, William
n.d.  Ernest, Rayne Township, Pennsylvania.  MSS, in the collections of the Historical & Genealogical Society of Indiana County, Indiana, PA

Turner, George W.
1945 Black Magic.   The stirring story of bituminous coal.  Privated Publiushed: Grove City, PA

United Mine Workers
1957 Bloody December of 1907 Saw Five Major Blasts Kill 725 Miners.: Darr Mine article. published in "United Mine Workers Journal," December 1, 1957. n.p.: United Mine Workers Union

United States Department of the Interior
1935 Bituminous Mine Maps of Westmoreland County. Works Progress Administration, U.S. Department of the Interior. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior.

United States Department of the Interior, Census Office
1886 Report on the Mining Industries of the United States.  U. S. Department of Interior.  Washington, D.C.:  Government Printing Office

United States Steel Company
1946  Map of the Surface Tracts of the United States Steel Company, Oliphant Furnace, Georges Township, Fayette County.  September 14, 1946, U. S. Steel Corp., Pittsburgh, PA.

Van Atta, Robert B.
1989 There was "Gold" in Patent Medicines. Published in the "Greensburg Herald-Tribune," July 23, 1989. Greensburg, PA: Greensburg Herald Tribune Publishing Company.
1994 When Jamison Coal was King. published in "Focus, Tribune-Review," April 10, 1994. Greensburg, PA: The Tribune-Review Publishing Company.

Vizzini, Charles
1975 Revloc Reunion.   Published in "The Mountaineer Herald," July 17, 1975.

Waldron, Theodore E., Sr.
1999 Coal Mines of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Manuscript in the Collections of the Latrobe Area Historical Society, Latrobe, PA.

Walkinshaw, Lewis C.
1939 Annals of Southwestern Pennsylvania. n.p.: Lewis Historical Publishing Company.

Wall, T. L.
1925 Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, Present and Past.  n.p.: Privately printed.

Wardley, C. S.
1949 The Early Development of the H. C. Frick Coke Company. published in "Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine," v.32 (1949), publication of the Western Pennsylvania Historical Society, Pittsburgh, PA: n.p.

Warren, Kenneth
2001 Waste, Wealth and Alienation: The Groth and Decline in the Connellsville Coke Industry.  Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.

2004 A Keystone of America's Industrial Greatness:  The Coke Industry of the Connellsville District of Western Pennsylvania. published in "Westmoreland History," Vol. 9, No. 1, April, 2004, publication of the Westmoreland County Historical Society, Greensburg, PA.

Washington County Department of Environmental Resources
n.d. Mining Records. McMurray: Washington County Pennsylvania.

Waterman, Walkins & Co.
1884 History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties, Pennsylvania. Chicago, IL:  Waterman, Walkins & Co.

Weber, Denise Dusza
1984 The Wehrum Mine Explosion.  published in "Indiana County Heritage," vol. 9, No. 1: pp.20-26.  Indiana, PA: n.p.
1991 Delano's Domain:  A History of Warren Delano's Mining Towns of Vintondale, Wehrum and Claghorn Volume I  1789-1930.  Indiana, PA: A.G.Halldin Publishing Company, Inc.

Welborn, Steven Keith
1996 After This is Over We'll Lay Our Hands on You": Music as a Form of Cultural Resistance in Depression-Era Pennsylvania. published in "Pennsylvania History," 63, no.1 (1996): 126-131.
1998  Come All You Coal Miners":  The Struggle for Justice in the Coal Fields of Central Pennsylvania, 1924-1933.  Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1998.

Westmoreland County Historical Society
n.d. Collections of the Westmoreland County Historical Society. Greensburg, PA: Westmoreland County Historical Society.
1998 A Gallery of Photographs from the Yukon Area. published in "Westmoreland History," Summer 1998. Greensburg, PA: Westmoreland County Historical Society, Greensburg, PA.

Weston, Bruce
1981 Daisytown:  Old Times in a Mining Community.  published in "Southwestern Pennsylvania," Number 1, 1981.

White, Jerome C. and Samuel Law
1954 The Coal Industry in Cambria County.  published in "Sesquicentennial of Cambria County: 1804 - 1954," Cambria County Historical Society, Johnstown, PA: Tribune Publishing.

White, Joseph Hill
1914 Houses for Mining Towns.  U.S. Bureau of Mines Bulletin No. 87.  Washington, D.C.:  Government Printing Office.

Wieck, Agnes
1924 Ku Kluxing in Miner's Country.  published in "The New Republic,"  March 26, 1924.

Williams, Brice T. & Michael D. Yates
1976 Upward Struggle: A Bicentennial Tribute to Labor in Cambria and Somerset Counties. Johnstown, PA: University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown.

Willis, Lillian Clark
1985 Tribute to the Black Miners of Bovard. published in "Bovard 75th Anniversary, 1910-1985." Bovard 75th Anniversary Committee, Bovard, PA

Wilson, John J., editor
1962 History of Sewickley Township. Herminie, PA: n.p.
n.d.   History of Sewickley Township and Suterville. n.p.: n.p.

Wilson, William Bender
1895 History of the PRR.  Two Volumes.  Philadelphia, PA: Henry T.Coates & Company.

Wolensky, Robert C., Wolensky, Kenneth C., and Wolensky, Nicole H.
1999 Knox Mine Disaster:  The Final Years of Northern Anthracite Industry and the Effort to Rebuild a Regional Economy.  Harrisburg, Pennsylvania:  Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.

Wood, George R.
1909 Central Power Station at Windber, PA.  published in "The Coal and Coke Operator," Vol. 9, No. 22 (2 December, 1909:338.

Woodard, Jan
2002 Ernest:  Former Company Town Lives on as a Residential Neighborhood.   published in "Focus Magazine," of the "Tribune-Review," November 10, 2002. Greensburg, PA: Tribune Review Publishing Co.

Woodworth, R. B.
1921  Steel Timbers and Grouted Lagging of Steel and Brick Make Durable and Dry Shaft Bottom at Revloc, Pennsylvania. published in "Coal Age," Vol. 20, No. 26, pp.1041-1043.  n.p.: Coal Age.

Wylie, Carence and Vernie West
1958 Two Hundred Years in Ligonier Valley. Ligonier, PA: Ligonier Bicentennial Association

Yanity, Gene
1967 The Crabtree Story. n.p.: Privately Printed.

Young Men's Volunteer Fire Department
1947 Blairsville Historical Record, 1760 - 1947. Blairsville, PA: n.p.

Yard, Roger L.
1981 Beehive coke ovens. This intriguing outdoor industry will tie right in with coal-mining and iron-making operations. published in "Model Railroader," June, 1981, pp.100-105. Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Publishing Co.

Yuhas, Thomas, ed.
1975 Out of the Dark.  Indiana, PA:  A.G. Hallidin Publishing Company, 1975.

Zanoni, Agnes I.
1989  U.S. Postal Service Acosta, PA 15520:  80th Anniversary.  1 July, 1989

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