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Coal Miners Memorial Horatio Mines (West Eureka Mines), Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA


Coal Mines of Jefferson Co., PA Main INDEX
Horatio Mines
West Eureka Colliery,
West Eureka No. 1 Mine,
West Eureka No. 4 Mine,
West Eureka No. 6 Mine,
West Eureka No. 7 Mine,
West Eureka No. 10 Mine,
West Eureka No. 11 Mine,
West Eureka No. 13 Mine,

Horatio,
Young Twp.,
Jefferson County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

A Tribute to the Coal Miners that mined the Bituminous Coal seams of the Horatio Mines (West Eureka Mines), Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Compiled & Edited by
Raymond A. Washlaski

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Editor,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Editor,

Updated July 11, 2010

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Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
[A coal company patch town in Young Twp., Jefferson County, Pennsylvania.]
[Located on the Pennsylvania Railroad.]
See: West Eureka Colliery, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
        West Eureka No. 1 Mine, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
        West Eureka No. 4 Mine, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
        West Eureka No. 6 Mine, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
        West Eureka No. 7 Mine, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
        West Eureka No. 10 Mine, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
        West Eureka No. 11 Mine, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
        West Eureka No. 13 Mine, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA

West Eureka Colliery
(West Eureka No. 1 Mine)

See: West Eureka No. 1 Mine, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA

West Eureka No. 1 Mine
(West Eureka Colliery)
(ca.1892-  ?  ),
Located on the Pennsylvania & North Western Railroad, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1892-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1901-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1905-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA

West Eureka No. 4 Mine (ca.1901-  ?  ),
Located on the Pennsylvania & North Western Railroad, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1901-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1905-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1906-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA

West Eureka No. 5 Mine (ca.1901-  ?  ),
Located on the Pennsylvania & North Western Railroad, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1901-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1905-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1906-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1918-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA

West Eureka No. 6 Mine (ca.1901-  ?  ),
Located on the Pennsylvania & North Western Railroad, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1901-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1905-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1906-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA

West Eureka No. 7 Mine (ca.1901-  ?  ),
Located on the Pennsylvania & North Western Railroad, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1901-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1905-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1906-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA

West Eureka No. 10 Mine (ca.1901-  ?  ),
Located on the Pennsylvania & North Western Railroad, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1901-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA

West Eureka No. 11 Mine (ca.1901-  ?  ),
Located on the Pennsylvania & North Western Railroad, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1901-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA

West Eureka No. 12 Mine (ca.1901-  ?  ),
Located on the Pennsylvania & North Western Railroad, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1901-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA

West Eureka No. 13 Mine (ca.1901-  ?  ),
Located on the Pennsylvania & North Western Railroad, Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1901-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA
              (ca.1905-  ?  ), Berwind White Coal Mining Company, Philadelphia, PA

U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.)

The Young Township map showing the Village of Horatio,  was cropped from a 1/50,000 USGS Geological Survey Map of Jefferson County dated 1993; based on 1/24,000 maps.

An undated photo of the coal compay patch town of Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
(Photo courtesy of the Jeffeso County Historical Society, Brockway, PA)

from "The Huntingdon Globe," Huntingdon, PA, Thur., June 21, 1888.

Excursion to Horatio

On Friday last ex-congressman Fisher, of this place, took a party of about forty Huntingdon friends to his new coal mines at Horatio, Jefferson County, located three miles from Punxsutawney on the Clearfield & Jefferson Railroad.  The party left Huntingdon on Pacific Express at 6:30 a.m., and proceeded to Bellwood, where they took the Bell's Gap road, and resumed their journey in the private car of the directors, reaching their destination shortly before noon.  They were joined by a bright lot of handsome young ladies and gentlemen at Bellwood, McGees and Punxsutawney.  The scenery along the route from Bellwood to Horatio is beautiful, indeed, more especially that between Bellwood and Lloydsville, where the road winds around a half dozen large mountain peaks that seem almost impassable, and finally land us on the summit 2070 feet above the level of the sea.

The Bell's Gap road runs from Bellwood to Irvonia, a distance of twenty-four miles.  At that point the road takes another name, the Clearfield & Jefferson Railway, originally built to Mehaffey, sixteen miles away, but within the last year the coal operations at Horatio demanded an extension to that point, thus making a direct and continuous route from the very opening of the coal mines to the seaboard.

Shortly after their arrival at Horatio the guests were received by Messrs. Richards and Cunningham, Mr. Fisher's right hand men, who, aided by a dozen dusky sons of toil, took the crowd down the mines, into the very jaws of death, where several hundred men were hard at work i every conceivable attitude "Digging Dusty diamonds."  Most of the persons were experiencing their first trip of the kind, and when the ladies and gentlemen were huddled together in the dumps with kerechiefs and gossamers over their stately bangs and $10 hats, they presented quite a bewitching appearance or, something after the order of a lot of masked burgiars we read about in the ten cent border novels, they may have looked as if ready to make a desperate raid.  "Heads down" was the motto in making the descent and in order to prevent scalp wounds or untimely deaths it was remarkable how these men and women could crouch in a heap while passing through the corridors.  When the base of the slope was reached a Shetland pony of the Balmnam strip was hitched to the train of dumps and after numberless zig-zagjerks, the field of active operations was reached, and for the first time in their lives to many the miners were seen at work.  The voyage was much enjoyed, but all the same the guests were glad to get to the surface again, and the universal hope was expressed that this might be the deepest hole and the furthest point south in which any of the party might ever be found.

After all the entres had been convinced that Mr. Fisher was doing his work properly at the mines, the party repaired to the company's store where Mrs. Fisher, the ex-congressman's good wife had prepared and in waiting a fine lunch, the points of which were not discussed, but eagerly devoared.  All did ample justice to the magnitfecent layout and Mrs. Fisher was voted the best lunch preparer in the world.  Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Wright, the well-known colored waiters of this place, had the lunch and tables in charge.

After a short stay in the vicinity, and after everybody had put in a good time, the party returned to their car and were soon on their way home, arriving in Huntingdon at 7:37 p.m.  The pleasure of the party was enhanced by the company of that prince of railroad men, Mr. Robert G. Ford, General Manager of the Bells Gap.

The mines visited are the property of the Punxsutawney Coal & Coke Company, the shareholders being Horatio G. Fisher, of Huntingdon, Charles F. Berwind, Edward J. Berwind and Harry Frank of Philadelphia.  They are an incorporated body with a capital stock of $800,000.  Their land is situated in Jefferson County, covers sixteen miles along the Mahoning Creek, and comprises 10,000 acres.  They have options for nearly 10,000 acres more until October 1st. adjacent to their present property, which ran to the southern borders of Armstrong county fifteen miles away.  Two mines are being operated, a third shaft is being sunk, and they will soon be ready to make coke from two hundred new ovens fifty of which are completed and running.  On Friday last 1290 tons of coal were mined and shipped, in the town proper, which bears the first name of Mr. Fisher, is a thorough system of water works, a large company store, postoffice, Adams Express office and about eighty new houses.  A year ago the site was a wild waste land, and the big improvements that have been made in the meantime show what men of energy and capital can do is a short time when they are imbited with an honest ambition to develop the country and make money.  It is expected on the part of Mr. Fisher that 250,000 tons of coal will be taken from the mines this year.  The veins vary from 5 to 9 feet in thickness.

We were thoroughly impressed while making the trip with immense natural resources of the whole territory from Bellwood to Horatio.  Studded along the railroads are many flagging, ballast and building stone quarries, saw mills, tanneries and fouring mills.  The lumber seems almost inexhaustible, and the coal basin reaches from Lloydsville to Horatio, a distance of 52 miles croppings of which can be seen along the sides of the mountain where room wa made for the iron horse.  At Punxsutawney there is natural gas which is used for all purposes.

The railroad facilities are all that could be desired.  At Punxsutawney the Clearfield & Jefferson connects with the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburg, at Irvonia with the Cressen & Coalport, at La Jose with the Cambria & Clearfield and at Bellwood with the Pennsylvania Railroad.  We have nodoubt but that in a short time this new region will become one of the busiest centres in the State, and that thousands of people will flock hither inquest of the mighty $.
[from "The Huntingdon Globe," Huntingdon, PA, Thur., June 21, 1888.]

from the "Indiana Evening Gazette," Indiana, PA, Thurs., Aug. 21, 1913

Horatio Resident Fell 78 Feet to Horrible Death
Examining Conditions of Mine James Jones Made Mis-Step.
Known in Indiana

While examining the condition of the fan at the No. 6 Mine Wednesday morning at 8:30 o'clock, James Jones, of Horatio, fell down the air shaft, and when found a few miutes later, was dead, apparently having been instantly killed.

Mr. Jones, in company with Superintendent J. H. Saulsberry, were making their morning tour of inspection.  Arriving at the shaft, which is boxed in, it was necessary to open a door which was always kept fastened.  Superintendent Saulsberry opened the door, admitted Mr. Jones, and then closed it again so as not to interfere with the circulation of the air in the mine.

After two or three minutes, all that is usually required for an examination, Mr. Saulsberry, not hearing from Mr. Jones opened the door and called to him.  He immediately made further search and found the unfortunate man at the bottom of the shaft, 78 feet below.

Mr. Jones, ages 42 years, who was transferred from No. 7 Mine to No. 6 two years ago, was one of the most valuable men in the employ of the company at Horatio.  He was a total absttainer and an active church worker.  He leaves his wife and four children.

Funeral arrrangements have not yet been announced.
[from the "Indiana Evening Gazette," Indiana, PA, Thurs., Aug. 21, 1913.]

Coal Miners Memorial Horatio Mines (West Eureka Mines),
Horatio, Young Twp., Jefferson Co., PA
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