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Coal Miners Memorial Heshbon Mines, Heshbon, Brush Valley Twp. & West Wheatfield Twp., Indiana Co., PA


Coal Mines of Indiana Co., PA MAIN INDEX

Heshbon Mines,
Heshbon,
Brush Valley Twp. & West Wheatfield Twp.,
Indiana County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

A Tribute to the Coal Miners that mined the Bituminous Coal seams of the Heshbon Mines, Indiana County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Compiled & Edited by
Raymond A. Washlaski

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Editor,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Editor,

Updated June 22, 2010

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Heshbon, Brush Valley Twp. & West Wheatfield Twp., Indiana Co., PA
[A coal company patch town in Brush Valley Twp., Indiana County, Pennsylvania.]
See: Auld Run Coal Company, Heshbon, PA
        Auld Run Mine, Heshbon, Indiana Co., PA
        Heshbon Mine, Heshbon, Brush Valley Twp., Indiana Co., PA
        Heshbon No. 2 Mine, Heshbon, West Wheatfield Twp., Indiana Co., PA
        Heshbon No. 3 Mine, Heshbon, West Wheatfield  Twp., Indiana Co., PA
        Heshbon No. 4 Mine, Heshbon, West Wheatfield Twp., Indiana Co., PA
        Hill Top Coal Company, Heshbon, PA
        Hill Top Mine, Heshbon, Indiana Co., PA

Heshbon Mine (ca.?  ),
A strip mine,  located north of Heshbon, Brush Valley Twp., Indiana Co., PA
Owners: (ca.  ? ), Superior Coal Company,

Heshbon No. 2 Mine (ca.1936-1951 ? ),
Located on Ramsey Run, south of Heshbon, West Wheatfield Twp., Indiana Co., PA
[Worked the Lower Freeport Coal Seam.]
Owners: ( ?  )

Heshbon No. 3 Mine (ca.1936-1951 ? ),
Located on Ramsey Run, south of Heshbon, West Wheatfield Twp., Indiana Co., PA
[Worked the Lower Freeport Coal Seam.]
Owners: ( ?  )

Heshbon No. 4 Mine (ca.1940's ?-1965),
Located on Ramsey Run, south of Heshbon, West Wheatfield Twp., Indiana Co., PA
[Worked the Lower Freeport Coal Seam.]
[Located 1 mile west of Heshbon, West Wheatfield township.
[USGS New Florence, PA 7 1/2 min Quad Map. (1:24000)   UTM E. 17 659850  N.4481700.]
[Costruction date: ca.1940's.]
Owners: ( ca.  ?  -1965 ), Pennsylvania Coal & Coke Company,

Heshbon School, Brush Valley Twp., Indiana Co., PA

DESCRIPTION:
Little remains of this former mining complex above Blacklick Creek, one mile west of of the West Wheatfield Township Village of Heshbon.  The tipple of the Heshbon No. 4 Mine was built on a foundation of cast concrete blocks and was supported by a welded steel frame.  Coal was dropped through shaker plates in the tipple, and loaded by gravity to rail cars on a track below.  The superstructure has been entirely dismantled, and the remainder of the structure is in ruins.  Next to the tipple was a truck scale.  Also on the site was a large coal conveyor, but it has been removed and only traces or its footings were visible ca.1993.

A ca.1965 photograph, taken when the Heshbon Mine complex was about to be shut down, shows the tipple as a five story structure covered with corrugated siding, and connected with the mines by conveyors.  Scale houses and other buildings were of board-and-batten frame construction.

HISTORY:
This mine was operated by the Pennsylvania Coal & Coke Company in the mid-twentieth century.  Sixty men were employed at the peak of production.  Operations here ceased in ca.1965, and the remaining twenty-seven men were laid off.  The tipple and conveyors were removed after ca.1981, as they are indicated on a USGS quad map revised ca.1981.


(History and description of the Heshbon Mines, Heahbon, West Wheatfield & Brush Valley Twps., Indiana Co., PA, adapted from with additional data and pictures added: "Indiana County, Pennsylvania: An Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites, 1993,"  America's Industrial Heitage Project, National Park Service, Historic American Buildings Survey / Historic American Engineering Record, U.S. Department of the Interior, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.)

"Coal Miners Memorial, Dilltown No. 1 Mine
Dilltown, Buffington Twp., Indiana County, Pennsylvania"
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