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Humphreys, Coal Company Patch Town, Humphreys, Unity Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA


Humphreys Coke Works, Humphreys, Unity Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA


Coal Miners Memorial, Humphreys Mine & Coke Works, Humphreys, Unity Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA


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Humphreys Mine &
Coke Works,
Humphreys No. 2 Mine,
Humphreys,
Unity Township,
Westmoreland County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

A Tribute to the Coal Miners that mined the Bituminous Coal seams at Humphreys Mines, Unity Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania

Compiled & Edited by
Raymond A. Washlaski

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Editor,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Editor,

Updated Sept. 20, 2008

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Humphreys No. 1 Mine & Coke Works (ca.1897-1946),
Located on a branch of the Sewickley Creek, on the Southwest Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, Humphreys Spur, W. of Rt. 130, Humphreys, Unity Twp.
Owners: (ca.1897-1917?) Bessemer Coke Company, Pittsburgh
                                        Company Store: Unity Mercantile Company (ca.1903- 1906)
              (ca.1917-1929) Hecla Coal & Coke Company, Pittsburgh
              (ca.1929-1946) Humphreys Coal & Coke Company, Greensburg

Humphreys No. 2 Mine (ca.  ?   -1946),
located on the Southwest Pennsylvania Railroad, Sewickley Branch, of the Pennsylvania Railroad, Humphreys Spur, W. of Rt. 130, at Humphreys, Unity Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1897-1917?), Bessemer Coke Company, Pittsburgh, PA
              (ca.1917-1920), Hecla Coal & Coke Company, Pittsburgh, PA
              (ca.1920-1946), Humphreys Coal & Coke Company, Greensburg , PA
              (ca.1956 -   ? ), Humphrey - Connellsville Coke Company,

DESCRIPTION:
The town of Humphreys, located on a branch of Sewickley Creek, retains about twenty-five company-built houses.  These residences line three streets and are typical of coal company houses found in southwestern Pennsylvania:  they are two-story, wood-frame double-houses with clapboard siding, a gable roof, double-hung sash windows, single brick chimneys, and a clay tile foundation. All of the houses have been modified with the addition of asphaltic or aluminum siding over the original wood siding, the enclosure of porches, and the installation of new windows.  The company store has been demolished.  The coke works is largely demolished with only the remains of two beehive coke ovens standing, ca.1994.  They are located along a curve in the road, PA Rt. 130.  These two coke ovens have all but been destroyed ca.2000, with the rebuilding of the road aound the cruve.  The remains of the tipple and other mining buildings are situated immediately south and on a hillside, overlooking the coal patch on PA Rt. 130, they have been incorporated into farm buildings.

HISTORY:
In ca.1914 the Bessemer Coke Company made improvements to the Humphreys Mine.  The haulage engine was replaced with a larger and more up-to-date one.  The wooden tipple was replaced by one constructed of steel and concrete.  Forty-five bee-hive coke ovens, 2 new oilers, 1 generator, 1 electric larry and 3 electric pumps, were added to the equipment.  The water reservoirs were enlarged to about treble their former capacity.  The slope entry was regraded and concreted at the entrance.

In ca.1917 the Bessemer Coke Company installed a new 12 foot Robinson fan, and built 18 permanent stoppings at the Humphgreys No. 1 Mine.  The company also built 12 new coal company owned 4 room houses in Humphreys for the miners.

At the Humphreys No. 2 Mine they opened up an air shaft, and built 3 permanent stoppings.

Humphreys, Coal Company Patch Town,
Humphreys, Unity Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania"
Humphreys Coke Works,
Humphreys, Unity Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania"
"Coal Miners Memorial, Humphreys Mine & Coke Works ,
Humphreys, Unity Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania"
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