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The 20th Century Society of Western Pennsylvania
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History of the Phillips Mine & Coke Works, Phillips, Menallen Twp., Fayette Co., PA


Coal Miners Memorial Phillips Mine & Coke Works, Phillips, Menallen Twp., Fayette Co., PA


Coal Mines of Fayette Co., PA MAIN INDEX

Map of H.C.Frick Coke Co. Mines
Phillips Coke Works,
Phillips,
Menallen Twp.,
Fayette County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

A Tribute to the Coke Workers that worked the Phillips Coke Plant, Phillips, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Compiled & Edited by
Raymond A. Washlaski

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Editor,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Editor,

Updated March 4, 2010

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Phillips Coke Works (ca.1907-1944),
Located on Route 51, two miles north of Uniontown, on a Branch of the P.V.& C. Railroad, Phillips, Menallen Twp., Fayette Co., PA.
[The Fayette County coke region's last bee-hive coke oven installation occurred in ca.1907 at the H.C. Frick Coke Company's Phillips Coke Plant.]
[Phillips Coke Works contained 400 coke ovens ca.1910, ca.1919.]
Owners: (ca.1907-  ?  ), H.C. Frick Coke Company, Scotdale, PA
              (ca.1910- ?  ), H.C. Frick Coke Company, Scottdale, PA
              (ca.1919- ?  ), H. C. Frick Coke Company, Scottdale, PA

The model coke plant at the Phillips Coke Works, Phillips, Fayette County, Pennsylvania.  The coke oven charging tracks, from which the charging larries filled the ovens with coal were on top of the banks of bee-hive coke ovens, with the railroad car tracks between the banks of ovens for loading the finished coke.
(Photo postcard courtesy Minerd-Miner-Minor Family Archives, Beaver, PA and of the Focus Magazine, Tribune-Review, Greensburg, PA.)

The coke plant at the Phillips Coke Works, Phillips, Fayette County, Pennsylvania ca.1918.  The coke drawing machines would pull the finished coke from the coke ovens and would screen the coke as it was loaded into the waiting railroad hoppers cars on the loading tracks.   The lumps of coke are going into the hopper cars, while the ashes are sifted into piles on the ground to be hauled to the ash dump.  The refuse piles at the coke works were known as "ash dumps," while the ones at a coal mine were "slate dumps."
(Photo postcard courtesy Kathy Johnson, Fayette Co., PA.)

Phillips Coke Plant, the electric driven coke oven charging larry approaching the coal tipple on the charging track, to be loaded with the fine coal that would later be charged into the coke ovens, ca.June, 1941.
(Photo courtesy of the H.C. Frick Coke Company Collection, the USX Resource Managment Division, Uniontown, PA, and the Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State University Fayette Campus, Uniontown, PA.)

Phillips Coke Plant, Coke oven Levelers at work.  The man on the left is bricking up the bee-hive coke oven door in preparation for the "Leveler" to level the charge of coal, 4 rows of brick signify a 48 hour burn for the coke.  The man on the right has placed the leveling rod in the oven door and is leveling the coal in the bee-hive coke oven to give an even burn.
(Photo courtesy of the H.C. Frick Coke Company Collection, the USX Resource Managment Division, Uniontown, PA, and the Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State University Fayette Campus, Uniontown, PA.)

Phillips Coke Plant with the banks of bee-hive coke ovens burning at night, ca.1927.  The coke ovens lit up the sky at night.
(Photo courtesy of the H.C. Frick Coke Company Collection, the USX Resource Managment Division, Uniontown, PA, and the Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State University Fayette Campus, Uniontown, PA.)

Phillips Coke Plant, Phillips, Fayette Co., PA, The coke loading track on which the railroad cars were loaded with coke as it was pulled from the coke ovens, in the coke yard at night, January 6, 1944.
(Photo courtesy of the H.C. Frick Coke Company Collection, the USX Resource Managment Division, Uniontown, PA, and the Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State University Fayette Campus, Uniontown, PA.)

Phillips Coke Plant, Phillips, Fayette Co., PA, The coke loading track in the coke yard at night, January 6, 1944.
(Photo courtesy of the H.C. Frick Coke Company Collection, the USX Resource Managment Division, Uniontown, PA, and the Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State University Fayette Campus, Uniontown, PA.)

"History of the Phillips Mine & Coke Works,
Phillips, Menallen Twp., Fayette County, Pennsylvania"
"Coal Miners Memorial, Phillips Mine & Coke Works,
Phillips, Menallen Twp., Fayette County, Pennsylvania"

Support the Coal & Coke Heritage Center, a non-profit research center and museum.
Want to know more about the women who lived in the coal patch towns?  You need this book.  One of the few studies done on the women of the coal & coke era.
Common lives of Uncommon Strength:
The Women of the Coal & Coke Era of Southwestern Pennsylvania 1880-1970
Complied, written and edited by: Evelyn A. Hovanec, PhD   227 pages.
Voices of the women tell unique stores of the coal and coke era, plus vintage photographs, documents, maps, and newspaper articles.  Hardcover $35.00  Soft cover $25.00  Add $5.00 shipping / handling.
Send Check or money order to:
Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State University Fayette Campus
P.O. Box 519, Uniontown, PA  15401
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