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|Juniata Mine & Coke Works
(Juniataville Mine) (ca. 1880-1920's),
Located north of Bitner, about four miles west of Connellsville, on the B. & O. Railroad, along Bute Run, south of Rt. T 625, near Juniata, Juniataville, Dunbar Twp., Fayette Co., PA.
Owners: (ca.1880- ? ), Juniata Coke Company, Juniataville, PA
(ca.1898- ? ), Juniata Coke Company, Juniataville, PA
(ca.1900- ? ), Juniata Coke Company, Uniontown, PA
(ca.1908- ? ), Juniata Coke Company, Dawson, PA
(ca.1908-1920's), H. C. Frick Coke Company, Scottdale, PA
|A portion of a ca.1900 Pennsylvania Fayette
County Uniontown 15 min. Quad. topographical map of the Juniataville area
of Fayette County, showing the Juniata Mine & Coke Works, plus the settlement
around the mine, as well as the Baltimore & Ohio Short Line Railroad
Branch line that served the Juniata Mine & Coke Works.
(Map courtesy of the U.S.Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.)
Juniata Mine & Coke Works
The only remains of the Juniata Mine & Coke Works, ca.1990, are the deteriorated bee-hive coke ovens that extend along the south side of Bute Run. The ovens are most easily viewed along a power line where the vegetation has been cleared. Two parallel batteries, one bank bee-hive coke ovens, and one double-block bee-hive coke ovens, extend about 300 feet in length. They were in a severely deteriorated condition, ca.1990.
Situated on top of a hill overlooking the hollow formed by Bute Run, the coal company built town of Juniata was laid out in a small rectangular plan, bounded by two parrallel roads running north-south, about 200 feet long, and two short roads at opposite ends of town, each about 50 feet long. About thirty of the old coal company houses survive, ca.1990. These are gable-ended, two-story wood-frame double houses. The original hipped-roof porch extends across the main facade of several of the houses.
Juniata Mine & Coke Works
The Juniata Mine & Coke Works were built by the Juniata Coke Company and placed into operation on September 16, 1880. By the turn of the century the company had 235 employees at the plant, eighty-five of whom were engaged in coke production. The Juniata Coke Works contained 250 bee-hive coke ovens and 1903 produced 132,946 tons of coke.
In ca.1908 the H.C. Coke Company acquired the Juniata Mine & Coke Works. At this time the shaft mine had 1,078 acres of assigned coal, the Juniata Mine shaft was 229 feet deep.
The largest number of coal company houses were constructed in Juniata in ca.1891. That year the Juniata Coke Company erected five single-family houses and twenty-three double -family houses. Six more double-family houses were constructed in ca.1892. The H.C. Frick Coke Company constructed twelve double-family houses in ca.1911, and added six single-family and three double-family houses in ca.1917-18.
from "The Daily Courier," Connellsville, PA, Nov. 23,
Two men were killed and a third sp badly injured that he may not tecover as the result of the collapse of a safety scaffold in the air shaft of the Juniata mine of the H.C. Frick Coke Company about 3 o'clock this morning.
Albert Brindlinger, Everson expect shaftman.
William Dowe, colored, a helper.
Charles Kennedy, also colored, was badly injured by the tumble down the shaft.
Brindlinger and the two negroes were timbering the air shaft, which is about 150 feet deep. They were about 50 feet from the surface, and with a crack the entire structure dropped to the bottom, 100 feet below.
Workmen near the top of the shaft heard the noise of the fall. As quickly as possible aid was ruched to the unfortunate men, but by the time assistance arrived, both Brindlinger and Dowe were dead.
First aid treatment was administered Kennedy, who was later
taken to the Cottage State Hospital.
The Juniata Mine & Coke Works continued operating at least through the 1920's. The coke ovens and mine have been abandoned for many years. The Juniata Company Store that once served the town has been demolished.
Memorial, Juniata Mine & Coke Works,
Juniata, Dunbar Twp., Fayette County, Pennsylvania"
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