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Coal Miners Memorial Continental No. 1 Mine & Coke Works, Continental No. 1, South Union Twp., Fayette Co., PA


Coal Mines of Fayette Co., PA MAIN INDEX
Map of H.C.Frick Coke Co. Mines
Map of West Penn System Light Power Railway
Continental No. 1 Mine & Coke Works,
Continental No. 1,
South Uniontown,
South Union Twp.,
Fayette County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

A Tribute to the Coal Miners that mined the Bituminous Coal seams of the Continental No. 1 Mine, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Compiled & Edited by
Raymond A. Washlaski

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Editor,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Editor,

Updated Aug. 2, 2010

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Continental No. 1, South Union Twp., Fayette Co., PA
[A coal company patch town in South Union Twp., Fayette County, Pennsylvania.]
[Continental No. 1 (South Uniontown) located just south of Uniontown, Fayette Co., PA]
See: Continental No. 1 Mine & Coke Works, Continental No. 1 [South Uniontown], South Union Twp., Fayette Co., PA

Continental No. 1 Mine & Coke Works (ca.1898-1954),
Located just south of Uniontown, on the Branch Line from the Coal Lick Run Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, Continental No. 1, [South Uniontown], South Union Twp., Fayette Co., PA.
[Continental No. 1 Mine & Coke Works contined 400 bee-hive coke ovens ca.1905.]
[Continental No. 1 Coke Works contained 400 bee-hive coke ovens ca.1910.]
[The site of Continental No. 1 Mine is now, ca.1990, the site of the Uniontown Y.M.C.A.]
Owners: (ca.1898-1901) Continental Coke Company,
              (ca.1901-1903), Leased by H.C. Frick Coke Company, Scottdale, PA
              (ca.1903-1911), Leased by H.C. Frick Coke Company, Scottdale, PA
              (ca.1911-1954), H.C. Frick Coke Company, Scottdale, PA

Continental No. 1 Mine, ca.1909, Continental No. 1, South Union Twp., Fayette Co., PA
(Photo courtesy of George Trach, Rillton, and the Focus Magazine, of the Tribune-Review, Greensburg, PA.)

Continental No. 1 Mine, early ca.1940's
H.C. Frick Coke Company's Continental No. 1 Mine Tipple, in the early 1940's.
(Photo courtesy of the USX Resource Managment Division, Uniontown, PA, & John K. Gates' Book, "The Beehive Coke Years.")

HISTORY:
From the Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania, 1905:
Continental No. 1 Mine.  
In good condition and fully up to the requirements of the law.  Two coke drawing and conveying machines, manufactured by the Covington Manufacturing Company, have been installed at the plant.  These machines are operated by electricity.  The capacity of each machine per day of nine hours of operation is thirty-five coke ovens drawn and the coke conveyed into railroad cars.

(Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania, Part II, Bituminous,1906:258, Harrisburg, PA)

Continental-New Comer. Mr. J. Blazinec reports that there are five families and four individuals here. The first to come here were L. Becan and F. Kostelec. All are coal miners and do not have houses. They go to church in Uniontown, but do not have Slovene religious services. The "Sveti Rok" Society #55 of the JSKJ, Kranjsko Slovenska Katoliska Jednota, KSKJ, was established in 1905 by J. Krusnar, M. Kordic and A. Levak.
(from Rev. J.M. Trunk text published originally in 1912 Part 8, History of Slovene Communities.)

From the Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania, 1917:
Continental No. 1 Mine.  Installed 4 Jeffrey shortwall mining machines.  Built four room additions to two blocks of houses.  Built two community cow stables, with room for 10 head in each stable.  Buit 624 feet of retaining wall and installed a No. 5 coke drawing machine, including track and trolley lines.
(Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania, Part II, Bituminous,1917:320, Harrisburg, PA)

From the Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania, 1920.
In 1920 Continental No. 1 Mine produced 300,984 tons of coal, the coke works contained 400 coke ovens, with 297 in operation, and produced in 281 days, 151,500 tins of coke.  Continental No. 1 Mine worked 281 days.  Continental No. 1 Mine & Coke Works employed 271 employees, and had 1 non-fatal accident in 1920.
(Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania, Part II, Bituminous,1920, Harrisburg, PA)

Continental No. 1 Mine Coke Works
H.C. Frick Coke Company's Continental No. 1 Mine Coke Works.  The coke ovens on the left are being drawn by a coke drawing machine, shown loading the railroad cars at the coke dock with coke.  The coke ovens on the right are still being drawn by hand, as noted by the hand tools and wheelbarrows and the wooden planks used for trackage for the wheelbarrows to the railroad cars at the coke dock.  The two electric larry's on top of the coke ovens, on the right, are charging the bee-hive coke ovens with coal through the charging hole in the top of the ovens, to begin the coking process over again. The Larry's are powered through the trolley pole, riding on the trolley wire on top of the ovens.
(Photo courtesy of the USX Resource Managment Division, Uniontown, PA, & John K. Gates' Book, "The Beehive Coke Years.")

Continental No. 1 Baseball field.
H.C. Frick Coke Company's Continental No. 1 Baseball field during a ballgame with another of the H.C. Frick's Company towns. The Continental No. 1 Union Supply Company Store is in the background.  The men and boys in the foreground are watching the game from atop the slate dump.
(Photo courtesy of the USX Resource Managment Division, Uniontown, PA)

Union Supply Company Store Continental No. 1
The company store employees at the Union Supply Company Store located at the H.C. Frick Coke Company's Continental No. 1 Mine.  The company stores were not self service, but the shelves of the stores were filled with good quality merchandise, and plenty of willing employees to serve the residents of the mining towns. 
(Photo courtesy of the USX Resource Managment Division, Uniontown, PA, & John K. Gates' Book, "The Beehive Coke Years.")

"Coal Miners Memorial, Continental No. 1 Mine & Coke Works,
Continental No. 1, South Union Twp., Fayette County, Pennsylvania"

Support the Coal & Coke Heritage Center, a non-profit research center and museum.
Want to know more about the women who lived in the coal patch towns?  You need this book.  One of the few studies done on the women of the coal & coke era.
Common lives of Uncommon Strength:
The Women of the Coal & Coke Era of Southwestern Pennsylvania 1880-1970
Complied, written and edited by: Evelyn A. Hovanec, PhD
Voices of the women tell unique stores of the coal and coke era, plus vintage photographs, documents, maps, and newspaper articles.  Hardcover $35.00  Soft cover $25.00  Add $5.00 shipping / handling.
Send Check or money order to:
Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State University Fayette Campus
P.O. Box 519, Uniontown, PA  15401

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