Mine buggy - Virtual Museum of Coal Mining in Western Pennsylvania
Virtual Museum of Coal Mining in Western Pennsylvania

Digital Coal Research Library
The 20th Century Society of Western Pennsylvania
Links to:
Return to the Main County Index for Southwestern Pennsylvania Coal Mines


Coal Miners Memorial Edna No. 2 Mine, Edna No. 2, Hempfield Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA


Coal Mines of Westmoreland Co., PA Main INDEX
Township Map of Westmoreland Co., Pennsylvania
Map of H.C.Frick Coke Co. Mines
Map of West Penn System Light Power Railway
Edna No. 2 Mine,
Edna No. 2 & Wendel,
Hempfield Township,
Westmoreland County,
Pennsylvania

A Tribute to the Coal Miners that mined the Bituminous Coal seams at the Edna No. 2 Mine, Edna No. 2 & Wendel, Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania

Compiled & Edited by
Raymond A. Washlaski

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Editor,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Editor,

Updated June 10, 2010

Search our Web Sites total data base!
Enter a Miner's last Name, Coal Mine Name, or Coal Company Name.
 A single name works best.
powered by FreeFind

Edna No. 2 Mine (ca.1903-1930's),
Located on the Edna No. 2 Mine spur of the Hempfield Branch of the Southwest Pennsylvania Railroad, south of PA Rt. 30, at Adamsburg, on PA SR3069, Edna No.2 / Wendel, Hempfield Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1906- ? ) Pittsburgh & Baltimore Coal Company, Pittsburgh, PA
              (ca.1913- ? ) United Coal Company, (a subsidiary of Hillman Coal & Coke Company), Pittsburgh, PA
              (ca.1919- 1930's ? ) Hillman Coal & Coke Company, Pittsburgh, PA
              (ca.late 1930's - ?) Tomajko, Adamsburg, PA (Leased from Hillman Coal & Coke Company)

DESCRIPTION:
The coal patch towns of Wendel and Edna No. 2 are located south of Adamsburg and west of Edna No. 1.  The Wendel coal patch town contains coal company-built houses, a company store, and a manager's row.

The town of Wendel contains two rows of approximately twenty double  family houses, each is a two-story wood-frame building with a gable roof and concrete-block foundations.  The mine superintendent's house is a large two-and-a-half-story wood-frame single family dwelling with clapboard siding, a gable roof, double brick  chimneys, and a concrete-block foundation.  Managers' row contains five single-family houses; each is a two-and-a-half-story, L-shaped wood-frame building with double gable roofs and concrete-block foundations.

A short distance south of Wendel is Edna No. 2.  It is a slightly smaller coal patch town than Wendel and contains two double rows and one single row of approximately forty double family houses;  each is a two-story wood-frame double house with a gable roof covered with slate or asphalt, and single or double brick chimneys.  They rest on clay tile foundations.

The Coal Company houses are now all privately owned and have been altered with new siding and porch enclosures.

Location Map
Edna No. 2, and Wendel, Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, PA from the U.S.G.S. 15 min. Greensburg, PA Quad. map, ca.1904 Topographic Survey.
(Map courtesy of U.S.G.S. Topographic Survey, Washington, D.C.)

THE COMPANY STORE:
The company store is located at Pine and Wendel Roads;  It is a large two-and-a-half-story building, with green asphaltic shingle siding and matching red shingles at the eaves;  the building contains a full basement and measures approximately 96 ft. x 47 ft.  It has a large middle section with a gable roof flanked by two wings, each with a gable roof perpendicular to the gable roof of the central section.  The building features half-moon widows in the gable ends, and a wood cornice. It rests on a coursed rubble stone foundation and retains many of its one-over-one -light double-hung sash windows with decorative moldings and lintels.  The storefront on the main facade has been altered.

The old company store building recently housed the Wendel-Herminie Athletic Association, but now ca.1994, the building appears to be vacant.

The Company Store
The Company Store for Edna No. 2 Mine was located in Wendel, the picture at left was taken ca.1994, the building has undergone several alterations since it was used as the coal company store.
(Photo by Carmen DiCiccio, courtesy of Historic American Building Survey / Historic American Engineering Record (HABS/HAER), America's Industrial Heritage Project, National Park Service, Library of Congres, Washington, D.C.)

HISTORY:
In ca.1902, two years after it opened the Edna No. 1 Mine, the Pittsburgh & Baltimore Coal Copany completed construction of a second mine, Edna No. 2 Mine, in Hempfield Township.  Located about 2 miles west of Edna No. 1 Mine, the Edna No. 2 Mine had a shaft entry and was initially served by the Hempfield Branch of the Southwest Pennsylvania Railroad from a spur line that left the main branch line at Andrews Run Junction at Keystone, Sewickley Township and followed Andrews Run to the Edna No. 2 Mine.  Edna No. 2 Mine eventually became the larger producer of the two Edna Mines.

However, by ca.1910 the Pittsburgh & Baltimore Coal Company was in financial distress and a receiver had taken over its properties.  The receiver continued to operate the mines under the name of the Pittsburgh & Baltimore Coal Company.

The Coal Miners Strike of 1910:
In 1910 the miners at the Edna No. 1 and Edna No. 2 Mines became a part of the regions coal miners strike, which lasted over one year. The Pittsburgh & Baltimore Coal Company evicted the coal miners and their families from the company owned houses using the coal company's Coal & Iron Police and  kept its mines running by importing scab strikebreakers, as miners and mine workers, from down south and scabs from eastern Europe.  About ninty of the scabs were employed at Edna No. 2 Mine during the Miners strike.  The scab miners at Edna No 2 Mine produced nearly 142,000 tons of coal in ca.1910.  The coal miners were defeated in their strike by the coal companies and the brutality of the Coal & Iron Police and the county sheriff's deputies , which were being paid by the coal companies, in ca.1911.

After the coal companies defeated the miners strike, production rose and continued to increase throughout the 1910's.  In 1913 Edna No. 2 Mine produced 326,000 tons of coal.  The company used ten electirc-powered mining machines for extracting the coal  and five electric locomotives for hauling the coal out of the mine.  During World War I the Hillman Coal & Coke interests of Pittsburgh acquired the Pittsburgh & Baltimore Coal Company.  The coal mines at Edna No. 1 & Edna No. 2 were operated by The United Coal Corporation, a Hillman Coal & Coke Company subsidary.  J. W. Campbell and C. M. Snyder served as mine superintendents at Edna No. 2 Mine during the 1920's.  Throughout this time Edna No. 2 Mine remained the larger coal producer of the two Edna Mines.  Annual production from 1923 through 1930 ranged from 210,000 tons to more than 290,000 tons of coal.

In the late 1930's Hillman Coal & Coke Company leased both Edna Mines to the Tomajko interests and Edna No. 2 Mine was soon abandoned.

(History and description of the Edna No. 2 Mine, with additional data and pictures adapted from "Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania: An Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites, 1994,"  America's Industrial Heitage Project, National Park Service, Historic American Buildings Survey / Historic American Engineering Record, U.S. Department of the Interior, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.)

Score Arrested In Mine Rioting Near Greensburg
Man and Young Girl Injured As Rioting Between Miners Breaks Out
Greensburg, PA, Feb. 18, 1931

Rioting in which one man was injured broke out today when striking miners of the Edna No. 2 Mine of the HillmanCoal Company, near Adamsburg, clashed with employed miners of the Edna No. 1 Mine of the Carr Coal Company.

George Shelter, 50, of Greensburg, employed at Edna No. 1 mine was struck on the head with a stone when the rioting begun.

State police were rushed to the scene and dispersed the crowd with difficulty.  More than a score of srrests were made.

First reports were that 26 men and four women had been taken into custody.

Miss Dorothy Altman, 14, daughter of a miner employed at Edna No. 1 was attacked by a party of several men and women.  She was beaten and thrown into a roadside ditch.

The riot climaxed determined efforts by the striking coal workers to prevent employed men from entering the workings of Edna no. 1.  As the force attempted to move into the workings, more than 100 strikers rushed them.

Stones, sticks and other missiles flew freely.

About 65 of the 150 miners employed at Edna No. 1 entered the mine after State police dispersed the rioters.  Edna No. 1 resumed operations Monday after a shutdown several days ago when a walkout at Edna No. 2 occurred.

[from the "New Castle News," New Castle, PA, Feb. 18, 1931.]

Edna No. 2 Mine and boney dump are in the forground, and mine railroad yard is in the ecenter right of the picture.  The Edna No. 2 Coal Company Store at center left.
(Photo courtesy of the Coal & Coke Heritage Center, Penn State University Fayette Campus, Uniontown, PA.)

The coal company store at Edna No. 2, Hempfield Township, Westmoreland Co., PA.
(Photo by Chris Dellamea, courtesy of Chris Dellamea.)
Single family miners houses at Edna No. 2, Hempfield Township, Westmoreland Co., PA.
(Photo by Chris Dellamea, courtesy of Chris Dellamea.)

"Coal Miners Memorial, Edna No. 2 Mine, Edna No. 2 / Wendel,
Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania"
"Coal Miners Memorial, Edna No. 1 Mine, Edna No. 1,
Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania"
To Select another Index
to Westmoreland County Coal Mines
Click on the Larry cars for Index Page
or on a Letter below
Select another Index to Westmoreland County Mines


or
Go to Top of Page

Select another Index to the Coal Mines of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania
[Click on a letter to take you to that Index]
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Return to the Main County Index for Southwestern Pennsylvania Coal Mines

Local History Sites
Links to other coal mining sites
Reference Sources for Southwestern Pennsylvania Coal Mines The New Message Boards have not worked, Use our guestbook  Email the Editor. Have information to add on Westmoreland County Coal Mines?
E-Mail the Editor
View the
"Old Miner's"
Guestbook
Let the Old Miner know you've been here.
Sign the
"Old Miner's"
Guestbook
Guestbook by GuestWorld

FastCounter by LinkExchange
Mercers, an Undertakers Business - Web Productions If you have additional information or pictures on the Coal Mines of Westmoreland County, PA
Contact: Ray Washlaski, Editor

Copyright 2008, All rights reserved, by Raymond A. Washlaski, Ryan P. Washlaski & The 20th Century Society of Western Pennsylvania.
Web site Design by "Mercers, an Undertakers" Web Design Company