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Coal Miners Memorial, Carbon Mine & Coke Works, Carbon, Hempfield Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA

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Carbon Mine &
Coke Works,

Carbon Coal Company,
Hempfield Township,
Westmoreland County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

A Tribute to the Coal Miners that mined the Bituminous Coal seams of the Carbon Mine, Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County,
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Compiled & Edited by
Raymond A. Washlaski

Raymond A. Washlaski, Historian, Editor,
Ryan P. Washlaski, Technical Editor,

Updated May 19, 2009

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Carbon Mine & Coke Works (ca.1888-1918),
Located at Carbon, Southwest Greensburg, on the Hempfield Branch of the Southwest Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, Hempfield Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1888-1902), Carbon Coal Company, Greensburg, PA
             (ca.1902-1918), Keystone Coal & Coke Company, Greensburg, PA

A portion of the Greensburg, PA 15 min. Quad. map ca.1906.  Showing Carbon, PA the Southwest Pennsylvania Railroad serving the Carbon Mine, and the Electric Railway from Greensburg, PA.  
(Courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.)

The unincorporated town of Carbon, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania retains one row of coal company-built houses.  Numbering about twenty, these houses are two-story wood-frame double houses.  Some of the gable roofs are covered with slate, thought most of them have asphaltic shingles.  Each house had two brick chimneys, however, some have been removed when the houses were converted to single family dwellings.  The original two-over-two-light double-hung sash windows survive in a number of the dwellings.  The houses rest on hollow clay-tile foundations.  Modifications include the application of new siding over the original wood siding, the reconstruction of porches, and the addition of rooms. A number of the double family houses have been converted into single-family dwellings.

The Greensburg, Pennsylvania based Carbon Coal Company was established about 1888.  Led by Frank I. Kimball, the Coal company operated the Carbon Slope Mine and Coke Works and established the Coal Company Patch town of Carbon, southwest of Greensburg, PA, near the Hempfield Branch of the Southwest Pennsylvania Railroad.  By ca.1890 the Carbon Mine & Coke Works employed 213 persons.  That year the miners extracted over 177,000 tons of coal.  Carbon's coke workers operated forty-eight bee-hive coke ovens and produced nearly 25,000 tons of coke.

Ten years later Carbon Coal Company was led by A. D. Harmon, who was also general superintendent of the Hempfield Coal Company, the Salem Coal Company, and the Greensburg Coal Company.  All of these coal companies were merged into the Keystone Coal & Coke Company in ca.1902.

By ca.1910 Keystone Coal & Coke Company's Carbon Mine employed 394 miners and produced over 388,000 tons of coal.  The company's local superintendent, J. D. Wentling, who served in the same capacity for the Carbon Coal Company, he also was superintendent of the nearby Seaboard Mine, a small operation employing only twenty-five miners.  By ca.1915 the Carbon Mine employed 165 miners, Henry Welty was the superintendent that year when over 224,000 tons of coal were produced at the Carbon Mine.  Henry Welty had served as superintendent of the former Greensburg Coal Company's No.1 Mine, at nearby Haydenville.

The Carbon Coke Works had grown to fifty-seven bee-hive coke ovens, and nearly 24,000 tons of coke was produced in 1915.  By ca.1918, however, Keystone Coal & Coke Company closed the Carbon Mine and the Seaboard Mine.  Many of the employees at the Carbon Mine & Coke Works found work in the company's nearby Greensburg No1 & No. 2 Mines.  By ca.1919 the work force at Greensburg No. 2 Mine had fallen to 214 miners working 237 days, with a production amounting to 308,000 tons of coal.  Keystone Coal & Coke Company abandoned the Greensburg No. 1 Mine in ca.1926.  By 1935 pnly 130 miners were employed at the Greensburg No. 2 Mine.  Following a flood in 1936, the company closed the Greensburg No. 2 Mine.

(History and description of Carbon Mine & Coke Works, adapted with additional data and pictures from "Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania: An Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites, 1994,"  America's Industrial Heritage Project, National Park Service, Historic American Buildings Survey / Historic American Engineering Record, U.S. Department of the Interior, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.)

Coal Miners Memorial "Carbon Mine & Coke Works,
Carbon, Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania "
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