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(Montours Mine) (ca.1878- ? ),
Located on the Montours Run Railway, Imperial, North Fayette Twp., Allegheny Co., PA
Owners: (ca.1878- ? ), Imperial Coal Company, Imperial, PA
(ca.1889- ? ), Imperial Coal Company, Imperial, PA
(ca.1898- ? ), Imperial Coal Company, Imperial, PA
The first Montour mine was located along Montour Run near present-day Cliff Mine.
A mile west of Shirland, the coal is extensively worked at the Montour mine of the Imperial Coal Co., at 1110' [above sea level].
The coal is planed down to a surface road running up a small ravine from the main road along Montours run. All the front coal here dips and drains northwest, rising southeast about 25 feet to beneath [Steubenville] pike, and then dipping in that direction steadily to Robinson's [run].
In this mine the breast coal varies from 2' 8" to 3' and brick coal from 10" to 1'. The bed yields from 3' 8" to 4' 10" of coal and the average run (August, 86) is about 300 tons a day.
The mine is located well up on the hill and but little below the pike. It is extensively equipped with an improved system of wire rope haulage, by which cars can be placed in whatever part of the mine they are needed without stopping the engine. This is effected by a lever movement, the rope moving all the time, and returning around a set of bull wheels inside the entry. The rope is endless and moves along a double entry, in one direction constantly. The main entry of the mine is driven double for 4500' to the rear property line of a face of [South 22-25 degrees West]. Between these two there is a middle tunnel 350' long for dropping coal. Two [cars] running along the outside entries bring the coal to this point, so that all the coal going down the plane is conducted along the middle tunnel.
From the pit mouth to the bull wheel at the turn of the endless rope is 3311'. All the mine work is by single entry, except the main tunnel. All the coal in front of No. 4 butt entry drains north, out the pit mouth, while that west of the main entry, in back of No. 4 butt drains southwest, and is eventually carried back to a rear drain punched through above the crop line in a ravine south of the pike. A swamp extends through the east works, draining and deepening southwards. No. 5 butt entry meets it 350' from the main gangway; No. 9 butt at 800' and No. 13 at 1050'. Comparatively little work has been extended beyond this swamp, eastward. Air courses are about 150 yards apart and the mine is generally in good shape. The combined output of this and the Cliff mine of the same company in 1885 reached 110,720 tons.
[from "Annual Report of the Geological Survey of Pennsylvania
for 1885-1887," State Printer, Harrisburg, PA]
Memorial, Imperial Mine (Montour Mine) (Montours Mine),
Imperial, Shirland, North Fayette Twp., Allegheny County, Pennsylvania"
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